Civil War Union Brigadier General. Served as a pre-War Vermont Militia officer before being commissioned Lieutenant Colonel of the 2nd Vermont Volunteer Infantry in June 1861. Served with his regiment at the Battle of First Bull Run and during the 1862 Peninsular Campaign. Promoted to Colonel and commander of the 9th Vermont Volunteer Infantry in July 1862, which he led in the Battle of Second Bull Run and at Harper's Ferry, where he was captured when that Union garrison surrendered to Stonewall Jackson in September 1862. He was exchanged and promoted to Brigadier General, US Volunteers in March 1863. While commanded the 2nd Vermont Brigade in the Army of the Potomac's I Corps at the Battle of Gettysburg, he led his unit in its celebrated flank attack on Pickett's Charge during the Third of the Battle (July 3, 1863) and was severely wounded by a artillery shell. After a long recovery he was given command of a XVIII Corps brigade in the Army of the James operating in the May 1864 Richmond Campaign. He was wounded again at the Battle of Cold Harbor, and once more while leading the charge of his division against Fort Harrison near Petersburg (that wound facilitated the amputation of his right arm). His field service at an end, he would remain in the Army until 1867, serving on the Vermont Border and in duties of the Department of the East. he was brevetted Major General, US Volunteers on October 28, 1864 for his part in the attack on Fort Harrison. From 1881 to 1886, he served as the doorkeeper of the House of Representatives. Today in the Gettysburg National Military Park, a statue of him stands on top of the 2nd Vermont Brigade Monument on Hancock Avenue.
Bio by: RPD2