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 Bennet Woodcroft

Bennet Woodcroft

Birth
Stockport, Metropolitan Borough of Stockport, Greater Manchester, England
Death 7 Feb 1879 (aged 75)
Brompton, Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, Greater London, England
Burial West Brompton, Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, Greater London, England
Memorial ID 22573 · View Source
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Manufacturer. Inventor. Born at Heaton Norris, England, the son of Ann Boocock and John Woodcroft, a textile printer. In 1827, he filed a first patent for printing of textiles. He also advocated a screw propeller for shipping and oversaw a first test of it in July 1832. He submitted a patent for a "revolving spiral paddle, for propelling boats and other vessels on water," that year, and arranged further testing on steamships through the 1840s. In 1841, another patent for tappet and Jacquard manufacturing was filed. In 1843, he began as a consulting engineer in Manchester. He was appointed a professor of machinery at University College London in 1847, and published 'A Sketch of the Origin and Progress of Steam Navigation from Authentic Documents ' in 1848. In 1851, he served as editor for the English translation of 'The Pneumatics of Hero of Alexandria.' His continued interaction with the patent office led to an interest in the history of the patent procedure, and during an 1852 reorganization of the British Patent Office, he became Superintendent of Specifications. During the foundation of the South Kensington Museum (present day Victoria and Albert Museum), his Patent Office contributed a collection of industrial machinery and devices for display. When the Museum opened in 1857, they incorporated a separate Patent Office Museum, with Woodcroft its enthusiastic proponent. In 1862 alone, he secured 'Puffin Billy' (1814), the oldest surviving steam railway locomotive, the 'Rocket' (1829), which had become the design template for locomotives, and the engine of the 'Comet' (1812), the first commercial steamship in Europe. He published 'Patents for inventions' in 1871, and established the Patent Office Library, finally retiring in 1876. He died three years later at age 75, and is now lauded for his notable contributions to the preservation of historical machinery. His portrait is in the National Portrait Gallery in London.

Bio by: Iola


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 4 Jun 2001
  • Find A Grave Memorial 22573
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Bennet Woodcroft (28 Dec 1803–7 Feb 1879), Find A Grave Memorial no. 22573, citing Brompton Cemetery, West Brompton, Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, Greater London, England ; Maintained by Find A Grave .