Hans Fischer


Hans Fischer Famous memorial

Höchst, Stadtkreis Frankfurt, Hessen, Germany
Death 31 Mar 1945 (aged 63)
Munich (München), Stadtkreis München, Bavaria (Bayern), Germany
Burial Giesing, Stadtkreis München, Bavaria (Bayern), Germany
Memorial ID 221692213 View Source

Nobel Prize Recipient. Hans Fischer, a German organic chemist, received international recognition after being awarded the 1930 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, and according to the Nobel Prize committee, this was done "for his researches into the constitution of hemin and chlorophyll and especially for his synthesis of hemin." He received sixteen nominations within two years for the Nobel candidacy. When the name of Hans Fischer is mentioned in the medical community, the word “hemoglobin” comes to mind as he did pioneer research on this blood component. Hemin is a fraction derived from processed red blood cells containing iron. Fischer mapped the composition of the hem group and in 1929 succeeded in producing the substance by artificial means. He also studied other pigmented substances of biological importance, including chlorophyll, which plays a crucial role in plant photosynthesis. Born the son of Dr. Eugen Fischer, Director of the firm of Kalle & Co, Wiesbaden, and Privatdozent at the Technical High School in Stuttgart, he suffered from a serious case of tuberculosis and in 1917 had a nephrectomy as a complication . He attended local schools before majoring in both medicine and chemistry at the University of Lausanne and University of Marburg, graduating in 1904 with a degree in chemistry. He received his license to practice medicine in 1906 and in 1908, received his Doctorate in Medicine in Munich. Starting his career, from 1908 to 1910, he was a laboratory assistant at the First Berlin Chemical Institute under 1902 Nobel Prize Recipient, Emil Fischer, who was no relationship to him. In 1910, he held a post researching bile at the Second Medical Clinic in Munich. When the position became opened in 1913, he was appointed teacher of internal medicine and a lecturer on physiology at the Physiological Institute. During World War I in 1916, he accepted the invitation of the University of Innsbruck in Austria as Professor of Medical Chemistry; from there he transferred to the University of Vienna in 1918. From April 1, 1921 until his death, he held the position of Professor of Organic Chemistry at the Technical University in Munich. Not only an excellent researcher, but he was an excellent administrator of a research institute, being popular with his colleagues, staff, and students. Fischer’s laboratory had become recognized for being very successful in teaching and research. Besides the Nobel Prize, he received the title of Privy Councilor in 1925, the German Liebig Memorial Medal in 1929 and the Royal Society of London’s Davy Medal in 1937. In 1936 Harvard University conferred on him an honorary doctorate. He authored over 300 papers, which were published in professional journals, in addition to publishing a three-volume textbook, “The Chemistry of Pyrrol” from 1934 to 1940. At the age of 50, he married for the first time to a lady 30 years younger than him. During World War II, he continued his research but Adolph Hitler and his Nazi Party impacted the 110 staff members of his laboratory with ten scientists fleeing Germany and five dying in concentration camps. Becoming overwhelmed after Allied bombings destroyed his institute, laboratory, and life’s work during the last days of World War II, he died from suicide on Easter Sunday. His death was not announced to Great Britain and the western world until 1947. His mentor, Emil Fischer, also committed suicide in 1919.

Bio by: Linda Davis

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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: Linda Davis
  • Added: 25 Jan 2021
  • Find a Grave Memorial ID: 221692213
  • Find a Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Hans Fischer (27 Jul 1881–31 Mar 1945), Find a Grave Memorial ID 221692213, citing Ostfriedhof München, Giesing, Stadtkreis München, Bavaria (Bayern), Germany ; Maintained by Find a Grave .