Nobel Peace Prize Recipient. Ernesto Teodoro Moneta gained world-wide notoriety, as a Italian, for receiving the 1907 Nobel Peace Prize. He was co-recipient with Frenchman Louis Renault. The 1907 Nobel Prize presentation ceremony was canceled with the death of King Oscar II of Sweden two days earlier. Besides being a Nobel Peace Prize recipient, he was a journalist being a democratic newspaper editor in Milan, the “II Secolo,” from 1897 to 1896; a nationalist and a revolutionary soldier, who fought with Garibaldi; and a confessed pacifist, as he wrote a book about peace. He was born to a “bourgeois family.” who inherited wealth and manufactured soap. On March 18, 1848, he participated in the uprising against Austrian rule, “The Five Days of Milan,” which was the dawn of the war for Italian independence. He attended the military academy in Ivrea, which followed by attending the University of Pavia in 1852 for a year. In 1859 he joined freedom fighter Giuseppe Garibaldi's Expedition of the Thousand, and also fought in the ranks of the Italian army against the Austrians in 1866. After fighting for nearly twenty years, he was very disappointed and embittered with the results of the war. He turned to journalism to fight with his pen. Although he had a military background and actually went to war, he became a peace activist and pacifist, yet forever an Italian patriot. He founded the “Lombard Association for Peace and Arbitration,” which is an association that favors disarmament and the creation of the League of Nations. He built a pavilion for at the international exhibition in Milan. Even after receiving the Nobel Peace Prize, he defended the Italian intervention against the natives and Turks in Libya in 1912 in the Ito-Turk War, which led to Italy entering World War I in 1915. He published his four-volume textbook, “Wars, Insurrections and Peace in the Nineteenth Century,” in 1903, 1904, 1906, and 1910. The first volume contains a detailed description of the development of the international peace movement during the century. Even in retirement, he would submit articles to the newspaper, the “II Secolo.” In 1890 he started publishing the annual periodical, “The Friends of Peace and in 1898, a magazine “International Life.” At the 1895 meeting of the Commission of International Peace Bureau, he was the Italian representative; he attended several International peace congresses; and in 1906 he led the 15th International Congress on Peace. He died from pneumonia and was buried in his family chapel in Missaglia. In Milan, there is a full statue of him and with a grand ceremony on November 29, 2007, a bronze high-relief depicting Ernesto Teodoro Moneta was added to the Quirinale Art Collections in Rome. His adopted the motto “in varietate unitas!”.
Bio by: Linda Davis