Revolutionary War Continental Army Brigadier General, US Congressman. He graduated from Dublin University, became a physician, and served as a surgeon in the British Navy before immigrating to Carlisle, Pennsylvania in 1763. He resumed practicing medicine and was a Delegate to Pennsylvania's anti-Stamp Act conventions in 1764 and 1766. Irvine also took part in Pennsylvania's conventions held to consider independence in 1774 and 1775. At the start of the Revolution he was commissioned Colonel and commander of the Continental Army's 6th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment. He was captured during action in Canada in June, 1776, was released two months later, and was exchanged in May, 1778. He then returned to active service as commander of the Second Pennsylvania Regiment. He was promoted to Brigadier General and commander of the Second Pennsylvania Brigade in 1779. Irvine remained in command until the end of the war, seeing action on Staten Island and in western Pennsylvania. At the close of the Revolution he resumed his medical practice. He served in the Continental Congress from 1787 to 1788, then in 1792 was then was elected as an Anti-Administration candidate to represent Pennsylvania's 7th Congressional District in the United States House of Representatives. He served one term, 1793 to 1795, and declined to run for reelection. In 1794 he commanded Pennsylvania's militia during the Whiskey Rebellion. In 1795 he moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and in 1801 he accepted appointment as Superintendent of Military Stores, a position he held until his death. His remains were reinterred at Gloria Dei (Old Swedes) Church Burial Ground in 1952.
Bio by: Bill McKern