Frankish Monarch. Born the son of Adelaide of Aquitaine and King Hugh de Paris, founder of the Capetian dynasty. In 987 he was crowned Hugh's successor at Orléans, confirming the continuation of the house of Capet as the monarchs of France. In 988 he married Rosala of Italy, the marriage remained childless and ended in divorce in 992. A second marriage to Bertha of Burgundy was not sanctioned by Pope Gregory V on the grounds of consanguinity and Robert was excommunicated. With the election of a new pontiff in the year 1000, however, Pope Sylvester II annulled the childless marriage and rescinded his excommunication. He attempted to expand his holdings with the 1002 invasion of Burgundy after the Duke died without heir. By 1015, he finally succeeded in subduing the duchy. He earned the by-name “The Pious” by his devotion to the Roman Catholic Mass, conducting matins and vespers himself, and his harsh treatment of non-Catholics, such as advocating the forced conversions of local Jewry and reinstating the custom of burning those convicted of heresy. His final marriage, in 1003, to Constance d'Arles produced five children including the future Henri I of France and Robert I, Duke of Burgundy. He attempted to separate from Constance in 1008, but he abandoned the idea by the following year. She eventually organized two revolts against him, and her sons followed suit, and by 1026 they were in revolt against the king. He died in the field while attempting to suppress the rebellions of his own family. He was succeeded by his son, Henri.
Bio by: Iola