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 Robert II

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Robert II

  • Original Name Robert Capet
  • Birth 27 Mar 972
  • Death 20 Jul 1031
  • Burial Saint-Denis, Departement de Seine-Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France
  • Memorial ID 21109

King of the Franks. Born the son of Adelaide of Aquitaine and king Hugh de Paris, founder of the Capetian dynasty. In 987, he was crowned Hugh's successor at Orléans confirming the continuation of the house of Capet as monarchs of France. In 988 he married Rosala of Italy, the marriage remained childless and ended in divorce in 992. A second marriage to Bertha of Burgundy was not sanctioned by the Pope would on the grounds of consanguinity and Robert was excommunicated. With the election of a new pope, however, the childless marriage was annulled and the excommunication rescinded in the year 1000. He attempted to expand his holdings with the 1002 invasion of Burgundy after the duke died without heir. By 1015 he finally succeed in subduing the duchy. He earned the by-name 'the pious' by his devotion to the Mass, conducted matins and vespers himself, and his harsh treatment of non-Catholics, such as advocating the forced conversions of local Jewry and reinstating the custom of burning those convicted of heresy. His final marriage, in 1003, to Constance d'Arles produced five children including the future Henri I of France and Robert I Duke of Burgandy. He attempted to separate from Constance in 1008, but he abandoned the idea by the following year. She eventually organized two revolts against him, and her sons followed suit and by 1026, they were in revolt against the king. He died in the field while attempting to suppress the rebellion of his own family. He was succeeded by his son, Henri.

Bio by: Iola

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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 3 Apr 2001
  • Find A Grave Memorial 21109
  • Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Robert II (27 Mar 972–20 Jul 1031), Find A Grave Memorial no. 21109, citing Saint Denis Basilique, Saint-Denis, Departement de Seine-Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France ; Maintained by Find A Grave .