British Aristocracy. Born the illegitimate son of Charles II, King of Great Britain and Louise de Kérouaille, Duchess of Portsmouth. He was created Earl of March, Baron of Settrington, 1st Duke of Richmond, 1st Lord of Torboulton, Earl of Darnley, and 1st Duke of Lennox and was granted a £2,000 per year allowance in 1675. He was one of more than a dozen royal bastards fathered by the king vying for titles and favors. He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter in 1681 and held the office of Master of Horse between December 1681 and February 1684. He also held the office of High Steward of York in 1683. When his father died in 1685, he and his mother traveled to Paris where he was formally baptized a Roman Catholic. Naturalized as a French subject, he took a commission in the French army. After the Glorious Revolution, he secretly made his way back to England where he renounced Catholicism and converted to the Church of England in 1692, marrying Anne Brudenell that same year. The couple had three children. He befriended William III and served as his Aide-de-Camp between 1693 and 1702 and was appointed Lord High Admiral of Scotland in 1694. Under the succeeding George I, he held the office of Lord of the Bedchamber between 1714 and 1723 and was invested as a Privy Counselor in 1715. He died at age 50 at Goodwood, Sussex.
Bio by: Iola