Dr Horatio Bardwell Buck

Dr Horatio Bardwell Buck

Birth
Death 23 Jan 1908 (aged 75)
Burial Springfield, Sangamon County, Illinois, USA
Plot Block 12, 31
Memorial ID 20843862 · View Source
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Died, at 9 o'clock Thursday night, Jan. 23, 1908, at the family residence, 606 South Fourth street, of a complication of diseases, Dr. Horatio B. Buck, aged 76 years, 11 months and 26 days. He was born on Jan. 27, 1832, in the little village of Acton, York county, Maine. His father and mother were Dr. Reuben Buck and Alice Jaquith, natives of Massachusetts. When he had mastered the branches of learning taught in the common schools he entered an academy, and at the age of 19 began the study of medicine under the direction of his father and brothers. In the meantime, while pursuing his studies at home he engaged in teaching a district school in Lebanon, and in instructing a private class in Acton. Then came his matriculation in the medical department of Bowdoin college, which he left to enter the Jefferson Medical college of Philadelphia, for that city was then considered the center of medical lore. He began practice in Philadelphia and soon secured a large and growing practice, but in 1862, when the need of surgeons in the army became urgent, he put aside all personal consideration and business and going to Washington offered his aid to the government.

Through the succeeding six months, Dr. Buck was on duty in the Columbia college hospital in Washington, after which he took the necessary examination for a surgeon's commission in the army, procured his commission in the United States Volunteer ranks, signed by President Lincoln, making his position equivalent to the regular army rank, and went to the front with the Second army corps as surgeon in the charge of the regular artillery. Subsequent to the battle of Chancellorsville, Va., the artillery of the corps was consolidated into a brigade of six batteries of which he had full charge while on duty in the field. He was with the Army of the Potomac throughout its campaigns of 1863 and late in the following autumn. After going into winter quarters he applied for a transfer to a post which would admit of a larger hospital experience. His request was granted, he being appointed surgeon-in-chief of the central rendezvous of the Illinois troops in this city. Arrived upon his new field of labor, he found a condition which challenged the highest exertions of his professional and executive abilities. The sick and the wounded soldiers were miserably housed and in common barracks, receiving insufficient medical surgical aid, but Dr. Buck soon changed all this. He prepared plans and specifications calling for nine spacious and modern hospital buildings, secured the approval of the government and supervised their construction.
The new buildings were planned with a view for the sanitary needs and mental well-being of the disabled soldiers, even to the details of tasteful decorations in the enviorning grounds; and the fact of their beneficence was emphasized by the immediate reduction of mortality by over 50 per cent. In connection with this work, Dr. Buck also had charge of the sick at the officers' headquarters and at the Soldiers' home in this city. He was later transferred from this city to Madison, Wis., where in connection with Dr. Culbertson of Ohio, he was for six months engaged in closing up an extensive general hospital.

Dr. Buck became strongly attached to this city, and as soon as his labors in behalf of the government were completed he returned here, where he resided continuously since the fall of 1865. Opening an office, it was not long before he had an extensive private practice and was accorded a most prominent position as a representative of the medical fraternity. His prominence in his chosen profession, the breadth of his learning and his splendid success gained him a name and fame throughout the country, while his contributions to medical literature have been invaluable. From the time when as a representative of the government, he came to superintend the surgical work of the army in this city, down to his death, Dr. Buck was accounted one of the leading residents of the capital city of the state of Illinois.

He was at one time the president of the Tri-State Medical society, and with the exception of the periods of President Cleveland's administrations, he had been a member of the pension board since 1877, and for some years was its chief executive officer. In 1891 he was appointed medical director of the Franklin Life Insurance company of this city.

In March, 1863, Dr. Buck was united in marriage to Miss Lizzie Heller, of a prominent Pennsylvania family, and after a happy married life of 35 years she passed away in 1898. Dr. Buck's fraternal lodges connected him with the Masons, with the Grand Army of the Republic and the Union Veteran's Union, or Order of Battlemen, and in religious faith he was a Presbyterian. Previous to his position for the Franklin company, Dr. Buck had been for years a practitioner of his profession in Springfield.

Dr. Buck is survived by three daughters, Mrs. H. F. Dorwin and Misses Clara Bell Buck and Margaret W. Buck, all of this city, and two sons, George H. Buck and Horatio B. Buck, Jr., both of Chicago. Excerpts from IL State Register, Springfield, IL 1-24-1908

Generously submitted by: BjJ 46902476


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  • Created by: Sandra Kluge
  • Added: 8 Aug 2007
  • Find a Grave Memorial 20843862
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Dr Horatio Bardwell Buck (27 Jan 1832–23 Jan 1908), Find a Grave Memorial no. 20843862, citing Oak Ridge Cemetery, Springfield, Sangamon County, Illinois, USA ; Maintained by Sandra Kluge (contributor 46894711) .