Civil War Union Army Officer. Entered the Union Army upon the outbreak of the Civil War, receiving a commission of Captain and commander of Company F, 2nd Vermont Volunteer Infantry on May 20, 1861. He was then commissioned Colonel and commander of the 13th Vermont Volunteer Infantry on September 24, 1862, which he led at the Battles of Chancellorsville (where his unit was present, but saw no action) and Gettysburg. On the Second Day of Gettysburg (July 2, 1863) he led elements of his regiment that charged from Cemetery Hill to the Rogers House on Emmitsburg Road, recapturing the four guns of Battery C, 5th United States Regular Artillery, two Confederate artillery pieces, and eighty rebel soldiers. On the 3rd Day of the Battle he commanded men of his regiment during Pickett's Charge, and was part of the celebrated flank attack by the Vermont Brigade that tore into the right flank of Pickett's men, causing great casualties. The 13th Vermont Infantry captured two hundred and fourty three Confederates during the repulse of the Charge. When brigade commander Brigadier General George Stannard was wounded, Colonel Randall assumed command of the brigade. In February 1864 he was commissioned commander of the 17th Vermont Volunteer Infantry, but was unable to assume his post until October 1864, when the regiment was fully mustered in (it had fought as detachments in the Petersburg campaign in the IX Corps under junior officers). He led the regiment from October until the Confederate surrender at Appomattox. Today in the Gettysburg National Military Park, his name is inscribed on the 2nd Vermont Brigade Monument on Hancock Avenue, and his regiment has three markers in the fields in front of Cemetery Ridge that show the three positions it took during Pickett's Charge.
Bio by: RPD2