Iraqi-born Leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The group has been designated as a terrorist organisation by the United Nations, as well as by the European Union and many individual states, while Baghdadi was considered a Specially Designated Global Terrorist by the United States until his death in October 2019. In June 2014, he was chosen by the majlis-ash-shura representing the ahl al-hall wal-aqd of the Islamic State as their caliph. Rising to prominence in ISIL after his detainment with Al Qaeda commanders at the US Camp Bucca, Baghdadi would become directly involved in ISIL's atrocities and human rights violations. These include genocide of Yazidis in Iraq, extensive sex slavery, organized rape, floggings, and systematic executions. He directed terrorist activities and massacres. He embraced brutality as part of the organization's propaganda efforts, producing videos displaying mass crucifixions, sex slavery and executions via hacking, stoning, and burning. From 2011, a reward of $10 million was offered for Baghdadi by the US State Department, increasing to $25 million in 2017, for information or intelligence on his whereabouts to enable capture, dead or alive. On 27 October 2019, he killed himself and three of his children by detonating a suicide vest while under attack by U.S. forces.
Bio courtesy of: Wikipedia