Nobel Laureate Scientist. He shared the 1993 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Michael Smith for their contributions to the developments of methods within DNA-based chemistry. He earned his B.S. degree in chemistry from Georgia Institute of Technology in 1966 and seven years later, earned his Ph.D. in biochemistry from the University of California, Berkeley. Following his graduation in 1973, he completed postdoctoral fellowships in pediatric cardiology at the University of Kansas Medical Center from 1973 to 1977 and pharmaceutical chemistry at the University of California, San Francisco from 1977 to 1979. In 1981, he landed a position at biotechnology company Cetus Corporation in Emeryville, California. Two years later, he developed the DNA replication technique polymerase chain reaction (PCR), one of the most widely used methods in molecular biology. It was this work that later earned him a share of the 1993 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, along with fellow scientist Michael Smith. He also earned other numerous honors and awards for his work. After leaving Cetus in 1986, he went on to work for various corporations before going into several business ventures in the 1990s and 2000s. He passed away of pneumonia.
Bio by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye