John Robert Schrieffer

John Robert Schrieffer

Birth
Oak Park, Cook County, Illinois, USA
Death 27 Jul 2019 (aged 88)
Tallahassee, Leon County, Florida, USA
Burial
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Eustis, Lake County, Florida, USA
Memorial ID 201581880 · View Source
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Nobel Laureate Scientist. He shared the 1972 Nobel Prize in Physics with fellow physicists John Bardeen and Leon N. Cooper for jointly developing the BCS theory, the first successful quantum theory of superconductivity. He attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to study mechanical engineering, but later changed his major to physics. He earned his bachelor's degree in physics in 1953 and later continued his studies at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where he became a research assistant in the laboratory of John Bardeen. His initial focus as a research assistant was on surface physics. In 1956, he began to investigate superconductivity with Bardeen and Leon N. Cooper, who also was an assistant in Bardeen’s lab. After Cooper discovered that electrons in a superconducting material are attracted to one another and organize themselves into pairs, later known as Cooper pairs, he began seeking a mathematical description of their behavior. In early 1957, he developed the necessary equations, which considered the activity of all Cooper pairs simultaneously, rather than as individual pairs. Later that same year, the BCS theory, which describes superconductivity as a microscopic effect caused by a condensation of Cooper pairs into a boson-like state, was announced. It was this theory which later earned him, along with John Bardeen and Leon Cooper, the 1972 Nobel Prize in Physics. In 1964, he published a book on the BCS theory. He also earned several other awards for his work in this field. He went on to work at various other universities. In 2005, he sentenced to two years in prison after an automobile accident, in which he was involved, resulted in the death of one man and several others injured. He was released in 2007.

Bio by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Originally Created by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye
  • Added: 27 Jul 2019
  • Find A Grave Memorial 201581880
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for John Robert Schrieffer (31 May 1931–27 Jul 2019), Find A Grave Memorial no. 201581880, citing Greenwood Cemetery, Eustis, Lake County, Florida, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave Burial Details Unknown.