Politician - 'The Liberator'. Campaigner for radical policies and the rights of Roman Catholics. Began his successful practise as a lawyer in Munster in 1798. Founded the Catholic Association as a pressure group for emancipation. Elected MP for Clare in 1828, forcing the Governemnt to allow Catholics to sit in Parliament. Founded the Repeal Association in 1840, hoping to get the Union repealed by peaceful means. Elected Dublin's Lord Mayor in 1841. Arrested 1843 for conspiracy- sentence annulled by the House of Lords in 1844. With lack of progress, his influence waned. Died in Ge oa whilst on a pilgrimage to Rome. His monument is in the style of the ancient Irish round towers and is in fact the tallest such tower in Ireland.