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 Arthur Guinness

Arthur Guinness

Birth
Celbridge, County Kildare, Ireland
Death 23 Jan 1803 (aged 77)
Beaumont, County Dublin, Ireland
Burial Oughterard, County Kildare, Ireland
Memorial ID 2005 · View Source
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Brewer. Born the son of Elizabeth Read and Richard Guinness, a land steward for Arthur Price, the Archbishop of Cashel, Church of Ireland. In 1722, the Archbishop was said to have acquired a brewery which he left in the charge of the senior Guinness. Apparently, after the death of the Archbishop in 1752, the younger Guinness was bequeathed £100 which he then used to lease a brewery in Leixlip where he made ale. Reportedly distraught over chronic public drunkenness, and of the belief that hard liquor was a destroying the working class, he worked toward the creation of a high quality, low alcohol beer which would be safer to drink that the water of the time, and far less intoxicating than gin. In 1759, he moved to Dublin where he paid £100 for a 9,000 year lease on St. James’s Gate Brewery at a rent of £45 a year. Successful from the start, he used the proceeds from his business to fund Protestant Sunday Schools, charities creating housing for Dublin’s disenfranchised poor, and hospitals, as well as providing benefits such as subsidized meals, pensions, and higher wages for employees which were unparalleled at the time. Originally producing ale, by the 1770s due to competition from other brewers, he began experimenting with porter. By 1799, he ended the production of ale and exclusively produced the now famous Guinness Stout porter. That year he was appointed as the official brewer for Dublin Castle. By the time of his death four years later, the brewery output was over 20,000 barrels annually. In 2009, Guinness & Co. established the Arthur Guinness Fund, which in his memory, offers incentives for people to help their communities.

Bio by: Iola


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 1 Jan 2001
  • Find A Grave Memorial 2005
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Arthur Guinness (28 Sep 1725–23 Jan 1803), Find A Grave Memorial no. 2005, citing Oughterard Churchyard, Oughterard, County Kildare, Ireland ; Maintained by Find A Grave .