China's First Female Prime Minister
She served under Empress Wu Zetian and Emperor Zhongzhong as a stateswoman who conducted important military and civil business. After Wu's death she was also taken in as Zhongzhong's Consort.
She was taken into the palace as a slave girl after her father and grandfather were executed after trying to get rid of Wu. Shangguan eventually became Wu's aide after Wu noticed how brilliant Shangguan was. Shangguan was also an accomplished poet and some of her works have survived.