106th South Carolina Governor, US Senator. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as the Governor of South Carolina from 1959 to 1963. He represented South Carolina in the United States Senate from 1966 until 2005. His father was a merchant, Fritz graduated the Citadel in 1942. He served with the United States Army during World War II and saw action in the European Theater, as he attained the rank of captain and was the recipient of a Bronze Star. Following his return home, he enrolled at the University of South Carolina Law School and was admitted to the bar in 1947. He began his political career, when he was elected to the South Carolina General Assembly in 1948 and was later elected Lieutenant Governor in 1954. He succeeded George Bell Timmerman, Jr., as Governor of South Carolina and during his tenure, he sought to overhaul the public school system and attract industrial jobs to the state. Hollings lost the Democratic nomination for US Senate to Olin Johnson in 1962. He would go on to defeat Donald S. Russell (his successor as Governor) during a special Senate election (1966) to fill the vacancy left following the death of Olin Johnson in 1965. Hollings remained in the Senate for nearly 40-years and served during the Presidential Administrations of Lyndon B. Johnson until George W. Bush. At that capacity, he served on the Committee on Commerce and Committee on Science and Transportation. He made grand efforts to alleviate hunger in South Carolina, as he was a proponent of food stamps. His book "The Case Against Hunger" was published in 1970. During the 1970s, Hollings sharply criticized the Nixon Administration for dividing the country and a decade later, he co-authored the Gramm-Rudman- Hollings Balance Budget Act (1985) which attempted to curb federal spending. In 1984, he had a brief bid for the Democratic Presidential Nomination and withdrew from the race early in the Primaries. After retiring from the political arena, he wrote editorials and served as Visiting Professor of Law at the Charleston School of Law.
Bio by: C.S.
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