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 114th Pennsylvania Infantry Monument

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114th Pennsylvania Infantry Monument

This monument, dedicated on July 2, 1886, marks where the 114th Pennsylvania Infantry was positioned during the heaviest fighting on the Second Day of the Battle of Gettysburg (July 2, 1863). The regiment, known as the "Collis Zouaves" after their Colonel, Charles H.T. Collis, was notably attired in the bright red pants of the French Zouave soldier during the Campaign. On July 2 it was commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Frederick F. Cavada (Colonel Collis having been wounded at Chancellorsville). The regiment was first positioned behind artillery pieces in support, and spent some of the day lying prone to escape the Confederate artillery fire. When the Confederates attacked, the regiment was quickly moved across Emmitsburg Road to protect the Union Batteries there, and formed a line at the Sherfy Farmhouse in conjunction with the 57th Pennsylvania Infantry. The Confederate advance then tore through the 114th Pennsylvania, sending the unit streaming back in retreat, which unhinged the Union line. Lt. Colonel Cavada succumbed to exhaustion early during the retreat, and was captured, being unable to run. The remnants of the unit came under command of Captain Edward R. Bowen, who rallied the survivors around its flag several times during its retreat to Cemetery Ridge. The men of the 114th Pennsylvania were unable to rejoin their brigade until the morning of July 3rd. On that day, the Third of the Battle, they remained in the Woods until sent to the Union center to support Cowen's Battery during Pickett's Charge. After the repulse of the Confederate attack, Captain Bowen detailed some of his men to retrieve weapons abandoned by the Rebels. His men gathered over 300 arms from the fields in their front. The 114th Pennsylvania Infantry, with 296 men at the start of the Battle, lost 19 men killed and 76 wounded.

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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 21 Jan 2001
  • Find A Grave Memorial 19707
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for 114th Pennsylvania Infantry Monument (unknown–unknown), Find A Grave Memorial no. 19707, citing Gettysburg National Military Park, Gettysburg, Adams County, Pennsylvania, USA ; Maintained by Find A Grave .