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 Edward I

Edward I

Birth
Westminster, City of Westminster, Greater London, England
Death 7 Jul 1307 (aged 68)
Burgh-by-Sands, City of Carlisle, Cumbria, England
Burial Westminster, City of Westminster, Greater London, England
Memorial ID 1955 · View Source
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English Monarch. The eldest son of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence, he was known as Longshanks and "Hammer of the Scots". He ascended the throne upon the death of Henry in 1272, but was not formally crowned until August 19, 1274. He married Eleanor of Castile at Burgos, Spain on October 18, 1254. To her he was a loving and devoted, if not entirely faithful, husband and they had 16 children. After Eleanor's death in 1290, he married Margaret of France on September 8, 1299. They had three children. Much of Edward's reign was spent at war. He completed the conquest of Wales, defeating and uniting the Welsh marches, and defended his duchy of Gascony in France. But the latter half of his reign would be consumed by trouble in Scotland. The death of the young Margaret, Maid of Norway left the throne of Scotland vacant, and Edward siezed upon the opportunity to establish his control. He appointed John Balliol to the throne, but retained direct rule over the Scots and Balliol. In 1297 William Wallace rebelled and recovered much of the country, but Edward crushed the rebellion, captured Wallace and had him executed. He then summoned a complete Parliament, including elected Scottish representatives, and it was decided that a Council would rule Scotland under Edward's supervision. But Robert the Bruce unexpectedly rebelled and murdered his fellow Councillors. Despite failing health, Edward once again went north. He died en route to Scotland at Burgh-On-Sands, Cumbria at the age of 68. He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Edward II.

Bio by: Kristen Conrad



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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 1 Jan 2001
  • Find A Grave Memorial 1955
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Edward I (16 Jun 1239–7 Jul 1307), Find A Grave Memorial no. 1955, citing Westminster Abbey, Westminster, City of Westminster, Greater London, England ; Maintained by Find A Grave .