This monument marks the position the 107th New York Infantry held during the Confederate attacks on Culp's Hill on the third day of the Battle of Gettysburg. The regiment, commanded by Colonel Nirom N. Crane, arrived on the field on July 1, 1864 while the Union I and XI corps were fighting north of the town, and were positioned on the right of the Union line South of Gettysburg. After building breastworks during the night, they were marched to the Round Top area on the second day to re-enforce the troops there, but were not needed and were returned to their original position, which had been occupied by Confederates. They were then ordered to support the 2nd Massachusetts Infantry attack on the Spangler Spring area, but, when that unit was severely repulsed, the 107th New York halted and did not charge itself. On the Third day they were advanced into the woods near Spangler Springs, where they came under artillery and sharpshooter fire. They held this position until there were ordered to support the Union Cavalry who were in action 3 miles east of Gettysburg, where they arrived too late to participated in any fighting. The regiment's lack of combat action during the battle is reflected by the fact that only one soldier in its ranks was killed during the fighting.
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