Civil War Confederate Army Officer, US Congressman. He was a lawyer and sheriff in Hickman County, Kentucky when the Civil War started. He quickly helped raise a company of infantry for the Confederate Army, and was commissioned it’s Captain when it became part of the 1st Kentucky (CSA) Infantry regiment. He served with the Army of Northern Virginia, and rose to Lieutenant Colonel before he was discharged when the unit’s 1-year term of enlistment expired. In May 1862 he was commissioned Colonel and commander of the 7th Kentucky (CSA) Infantry, a regiment who had lost it’s colonel from a mortal wound at the April 1862 Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee. He would lead his command first in Louisiana, then in the campaign of 1863 in and around Vicksburg, Mississippi that eventually resulted in that river stronghold capitulating to the Union Army under Major General Ulysses S. Grant. In early 1864 the 7th Kentucky were one of several Confederate regiments in the Western Theatre to be mounted and serve as cavalry. Colonel Crossland would serve under the cavalry command of Lieutenant General Nathan Bedford Forrest, and fight from June 1864 Battle of Brice’s Crossroad to the Confederate defeats at the November 1864 Battle of Franklin and the December 1864 Battle of Nashville. He ended his service in the Confederate army in command of the Kentucky Brigade at the April 2, 1865 Battle of Selma, Alabama. He returned to his Hickman County law practice, and was elected as a Court Judge in 1866. He was elected as a Democrat in 1870 to represent Kentucky’s 1st Congressional District in the United States House of Representatives, serving two terms from 1871 to 1875. He returned to his law practice, and served as a Kentucky Circuit Court Judge from 1880 until his death in 1881.
Mary Adeline Hess Crossland
1830–1918 (m. 1846)