Explorer. Born in London, the son of a West India Company merchant, he was educated in England and Germany. In 1846, he travelled to Ceylon (Sri Lanka), where he established a agricultural settlement at Nuwara Ellya. He brought in settlers from England along with cattle and published books on hunting which included "The Rifle and Hound in Ceylon" (1855). In 1856, he travelled to Constantople and then to the Crimea in 1856, and supervised the construction of the railway across the Dobrubja, connecting the Danube with the Black Sea. He then completed his tour, travelling around South-eastern Europe and Asia Minor. In 1861, he travelled to Central Africa, to discover the source of the Nile. After discovering the Nile sediment came from Abyssina, he arrived in Khartoum. Leaving in December 1862, he discovered Albert Nyanza (Lake Albert) on March 14 1864, before returning to England, in Oct 1864. For his achievements, he was awarded a gold medal by the Royal Geographical Society and was knighted in 1866. He published many books on his travels which included "The Ayanza, Great Basin of the Nile", "Explorations of the Nile Sources" and "The Nile Tributaries of Abyssinia". In 1868, he published a popular story called "Cast up by the Sea", and the following year travelled with King Edward VII through Egypt.
Bio by: s.canning