The Photo Request has been fulfilled.

 
 Howard Walter Florey

Howard Walter Florey

Birth
Adelaide, Adelaide City, South Australia, Australia
Death 21 Feb 1968 (aged 69)
Oxford, City of Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
Burial Old Marston, City of Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
Memorial ID 18378 · View Source
Suggest Edits

Winner of the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1945 for the invention of modern antibiotics (with Alexander Fleming and Ernst Chain). Their discovery of penicillin would revolutionize medical science and save millions of lives. A humble man who loathed publicity, his achievements are not celebrated as widely as they should be. Florey was the youngest child of Joseph Florey, an English immigrant and boot maker, and his second wife Bertha Mary Wadham Florey. He graduated from the University of Adelaide with degrees in science and medicine in 1922. He won a Rhodes Scholarship, so he left Australia for Oxford University in England. He lived and worked in that country for much of the rest of his life, except for a short stint at the University of Pennsylvania. In 1926 he married Ethel Reid, a fellow medical student and his research colleague throughout their married life. They had two children, Paquita and Charles. Interested in pathology and biochemistry, Florey began studying antibacterial agents. In 1929, Florey and his associate, Dr Ernst Boris Chain, read a 10-year old research paper by Alexander Fleming, who had discovered the antibacterial effects of a mould called penicillin but who hadn't been able to extract it successfully. Chain and Florey's rediscovery of penicillin would change the world. They were the first to produce a safe and effective antibiotic, and they developed a way of mass producing it. This was a critical medical development during World War Two, when death from infection was commonplace. Following the war, penicillin came into widespread use in the general community. Florey was Professor of Pathology at Oxford between 1935 and 1962, becoming Provost of Queen's College. He was knighted in 1944. Florey was elected the first Australian President of the Royal Society of London in 1960. He was the inaugural Chancellor of the Australian National University from 1964-66. Florey was made a life peer in 1965 as Baron Florey of Adelaide in the Commonwealth of Australia and of Marston in the County of Oxford. Florey's wife died in 1966. A year later he married long-time colleague Dr Margaret Jennings, but he died less than a year after that, aged 69. Florey is regarded by the Australian scientific and medical community as its greatest scientist.

Bio by: Mary Jo C. Martin


Family Members

Parents
Spouses

Advertisement

Advertisement

Advertisement

How famous was Howard Walter Florey?

Current rating:

39 votes

Sign-in to cast your vote.

  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 11 Nov 2000
  • Find A Grave Memorial 18378
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Howard Walter Florey (24 Sep 1898–21 Feb 1968), Find A Grave Memorial no. 18378, citing St. Nicholas Churchyard, Old Marston, City of Oxford, Oxfordshire, England ; Maintained by Find A Grave .