John Evelyn

John Evelyn

Wotton, Mole Valley District, Surrey, England
Death 27 Feb 1706 (aged 85)
Mayfair, City of Westminster, Greater London, England
Burial Wotton, Mole Valley District, Surrey, England
Plot Evelyn Chapel
Memorial ID 18333776 · View Source
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Author. Diarist. Born in Wotton, Surrey, England, the second son of Richard Evelyn, a gunpowder manufacturer, he grew up in Lewes. He was educated at Balliol College, Oxford and at the Middle Temple. A Royalist, he fled England during the Civil War and traveled in Italy and France. By 1647 he had joined the throng of English exiles in Paris. After the Restoration in 1660, he became a member of the group that founded the Royal Society. The following year, he wrote "Fumifugium or The Inconveniencie of the Aer and Smoak of London Dissipated", the treatment of the growing pollution problem in London. Charles II appointed Evelyn to numerous commissions, including London Street Improvement in 1662, the Royal Mint in 1663, and for the repair of old St. Paul's in 1666. His treatise ‘Sylva, or Discourse on Forest Trees and the Propagation of Timber' first published in 1664, saw ten editions over the next century and a half. His diaries are a great source for information on the Great London Fire of 1666 and included submitted proposals for the rebuilding of the capital. Margaret Blagge Godolphin, a maid of honour at court, and his particular friend, died in child birth in 1678; Evelyn's "Life of Mrs. Godolphin" was a result and is still recognized as among he finest examples of 17th-century biography. In 1685, he was appointed one of three commissioners for the privy seal, an office he held for 15 months under James II. His ‘Numismata' was published in 1697. He died at 85 at his home in London. A bibliophile, he collected a library of some 3,859 books and 822 pamphlets in his lifetime. In 1977 and 1978 in eight auctions at Christie's, much of Evelyn's surviving library was sold and scattereed. In 1992 Evelyn's tomb was violated and the skulls of both he and his wife were stolen. They have not been recovered. Crabtree & Evelyn Ltd. is named for him.

Bio by: Iola

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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Originally Created by: Iola
  • Added: 10 Mar 2007
  • Find A Grave Memorial 18333776
  • Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for John Evelyn (31 Oct 1620–27 Feb 1706), Find A Grave Memorial no. 18333776, citing St John the Evangelist Churchyard, Wotton, Mole Valley District, Surrey, England ; Maintained by Find A Grave .