Nicolaas Bloembergen

Nicolaas Bloembergen

Birth
Dordrecht, Dordrecht Municipality, Zuid-Holland, Netherlands
Death 5 Sep 2017 (aged 97)
Burial Burial Details Unknown
Memorial ID 183110200 · View Source
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Nobel Prize in Physics Recipient. Dr. Bloembergane received notoriety as a Dutch-born American scientist, who shared, along with Arthur Schawlow, an American scientist, and Kai Manne Borje Siegbahn, a Swedish scientist, the 1981 Nobel Prize for Physics for their studies of the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter. He made a pioneering use of lasers during his investigations. Born the second of six children, his father was a chemical engineer and an executive at a chemical fertilizer company and his mother, who held an advanced degree to teach French, devoted herself to their family. He received his undergraduate in 1941 and graduate in 1943 degrees from the University of Utrecht in the Netherlands. In 1946 he entered Harvard University in the United States, where with Edward Purcell and Robert Pound, he conducted research on nuclear magnetic resonance. Published in 1948, Bloembergen-Purcell-Pound article is one of the single-most cited physics papers. Edward Purcell received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1952 for this research. After returning to the Netherlands, he received his Ph.D. from the University of Leiden in 1948, then returning to Harvard University, where he became a professor of applied physics in 1951, Gerhard Gade university professor in 1980, and upon retirement, professor emeritus in 1990. He became a professor at the University of Arizona College of Optical Sciences in 1996, and was appointed Professor of Optical Sciences in 2001. In 2005 the Nicolaas Bloembegen Graduate Student Scholarship at the College of Optical Sciences was established in the honor of Bloembergen and his revolutionary research. With his wife, Deli, he became a citizen of the United States in 1958. His early studies of nuclear magnetic resonance led him to an interest in masers. He designed a three-stage crystal maser that was much more powerful than earlier gaseous masers and that has become the most widely used microwave amplifier. He also developed laser spectroscopy, which allows high-precision observations of atomic structure. His laser spectroscopic investigations led him in turn to formulate nonlinear optics, a new theoretical approach to the analysis of how electromagnetic radiation interacts with matter. It was this research that earned him a share of the Nobel Prize in 1981. At his 90 th birthday party, he had three elderly Nobel Prize recipients attending with one being Charles Townes. At the age of 97, he died at an assistant living facility of cardio-respiratory failure.

Bio by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye


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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye
  • Added: 6 Sep 2017
  • Find a Grave Memorial 183110200
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Nicolaas Bloembergen (11 Mar 1920–5 Sep 2017), Find a Grave Memorial no. 183110200, ; Maintained by Find A Grave Burial Details Unknown.