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Jacob Holland

Unity, Montgomery County, Maryland, USA
Death 17 Sep 1839 (aged 85)
Virginia, USA
Burial Unknown
Memorial ID 181598393 · View Source
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Biography courtesy of the Finding the Maryland 400 project (

Jacob Holland was born in March 1754 to Capell Holland, Jr. and Mary Wilson. They lived in the town of Unity in Montgomery County, Maryland. [1]

Holland enlisted as a private on February 29, 1776 into Captain Patrick Sims’ company of the First Maryland Regiment and was at the Battle of Brooklyn (otherwise known as the Battle of Long Island) on August 27, 1776. Although the battle was a defeat for the Americans, the valiant defense by Leek and the other soldiers of the “Maryland 400” held off the British long enough to allow much of the trapped American army to escape. Holland survived that day, his company losing fewer than ten men. While he was present at the Battles of Brooklyn and Harlem Heights, Holland did not take part of the Battle of Trenton as he had left the army on furlough during the march there. After being a private for ten months, Holland described himself as "anxious to join the cavalry" after seeing the American army "nearly cut to pieces". [2]

Once he found a suitable substitute and gained Captain Sim’s permission, Holland left the First Maryland Regiment in May 1777 and enlisted as a corporal into the Fourth Regiment of Continental Dragoons, led by Colonel Stephen Moylan. [3]

With the Fourth Regiment of Continental Dragoons, Holland fought at the Battles of Brandywine and Germantown along with various skirmishes throughout New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, and Pennsylvania. By mid-1779, Holland guarded the coast along with the rest of his company. [4]

Holland was discharged in June of 1780 by Colonel Moylan. About a decade after being discharged, Holland had still never received his last year’s pay and had to send his discharge, accompanied by power of attorney, to Philadelphia in hopes of acquiring it. [5]

Holland moved back home to Montgomery County after his service. He married Mary Smith in 1786, and together they had seven children; Allen (b. 1787), Elizabeth (b. 1789), Daniel (b. 1794), William (b. 1797), Richard (b. 1799), Solomon (b. 1803), and Isaac. [6]

Holland moved frequently. He stayed in Montgomery County until 1790 when he moved to Washington County, Maryland. He then moved again in 1796 to Berkeley County, Virginia (which later became West Virginia). He made his final move in 1801 to Monongalia County, Virginia (also in modern West Virginia). [7]

Holland was approved for a Federal veteran pension after applying on July 23,1832 and received $120 a year, half the pay of a corporal of dragoons. [8]

Holland died September 17, 1839 while visiting one of his sons in Harrison County, Virginia. His wife Mary was denied a widow’s pension following his death, but died soon after on April 12, 1840 in Monongalia County, Virginia. [9]


[1] Pension of Jacob Holland, R. 5141. Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty-Land Warrant Application Files. NARA M804. From; Henry C. Peden. Revolutionary Patriots of Montgomery County 1776-1783 (Westminster: Family Line Publications), 164.

[2] Holland Pension; Muster Rolls and Other Records of Service of Maryland Troops in the American Revolution, Archives of Maryland Online, vol. 18, p. 8.

[3] Holland Pension; Reiman Steuart, The Maryland Line (The Society of the Cincinnati, 1971), 44.

[4] Holland Pension.

[5] Ibid.

[6] Ibid.

[7] Ibid.

[8] U.S., The Pension Roll of 1835. From; Session Laws of 1818, Resolution 81, Archives of Maryland Online, vol. 637, p. 150.

[9] Holland Pension; Peden. Patriots of Montgomery County, 164.


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  • Created by: historyhermann
  • Added: 20 Jul 2017
  • Find A Grave Memorial 181598393
  • Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Jacob Holland (Mar 1754–17 Sep 1839), Find A Grave Memorial no. 181598393, ; Maintained by historyhermann (contributor 49112035) Unknown.