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Thomas Connor

Death unknown
Burial Unknown
Memorial ID 181598271 · View Source
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Biography courtesy of Taylor Blades of the Finding the Maryland 400 Project (

Thomas Connor enlisted into the Continental Army’s First Maryland Regiment on March 6, 1776. At the time of the Battle of Brooklyn (otherwise known as the Battle of Long Island) on August 27, 1776, Connor was a private within Captain Patrick Sim’s Second Company. The Marylanders arrived in New York in early August after receiving orders to defend New York from a British attack. According to a soldier from the Fifth Company, at the beginning of the battle the British army "advanced...and began a very heavy fire from their cannon and mortars, for both the balls and shells flew very fast, now and then taking off a head." The American forces stood it "amazingly well without showing a disposition to shrink."

Eventually, the fire ceased and the British temporarily retreated. The British were then able to sneak around the American lines, and the outflanked Americans fled in disarray. Most of the American line deteriorated under the British attack, except for a group of troops that included the First Maryland Regiment. These brave men held off the British flanking maneuver long enough to allow the escape of much of the trapped American army. By the time this group began to flee, the escape route taken by a majority of the army had been blocked off by the British and they were forced to retreat through a nearby creek under open fire. [1]

The battle was a defeat for the Americans, but the valiant defense by the other soldiers of the “Maryland 400” would set them apart from other regiments in the Continental Army. Most soldiers in the Second Company successfully escaped, and it lost fewer than ten men in total. Connor was not as lucky as most. According to Private Francis Osborn, also of the Second Company, “Captain Sim [was] knocked down by the body of Thomas Connor whose head was shot off by a cannon” and left Sim with a violent bruise, an event Osborn remembered years later. Osborn was later excused from future military obligations due to long-term effects of military service. Although there is no information about what Osborn's sufferings were, it is possible they stemmed from witnessing sights such as the death of Connor. [2]

As there were multiple people living in Maryland with the same name at the time, no further definitive information could be determined about Thomas Connor’s life before his early death. [3]


[1] Muster Rolls and Other Records of Service of Maryland Troops in the American Revolution, Archives of Maryland Online, vol. 18, p. 8; “Extract of a letter from New-York: Account of the Battle on Long-Island,” 1 September 1776. American Archives, 5th series, vol. 1, p. 1232.

[2] Pension of Patrick Sim. National Archives, Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land-Warrant Application Files, S 35072, from

[3] There are also multiple Thomas Connors (or Conners) within the Maryland regiments.


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  • Created by: historyhermann
  • Added: 20 Jul 2017
  • Find A Grave Memorial 181598271
  • Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Thomas Connor (unknown–unknown), Find A Grave Memorial no. 181598271, ; Maintained by historyhermann (contributor 49112035) Unknown.