This is my great great grandfather. He and his brother Albert G Farrar migrated to Elm Springs from reportedly Shelby, Tennessee around 1854 and became farmers. I found land records of this dated to the early 1850s.
Junius was one of only a few Union sympathizers in the area, when the Civil War started in 1861. His farm was burned out twice due to bushwhackers. After this he sent his family to Springfield MO to live with relatives, this included my great grandfather Clark Wallace Farrar then aged around six . Junius then took his two sons John and Nicholas, walked to Fayetteville AR and enlisted in the then forming 2nd AR Cavalry Regiment of the Union Army on July 12, 1863. He was promoted Sergeant and his sons were privates. They were assigned to Company F. They served in the unit thru the war and were on patrols and involved in many skirmishes with partisans and Confederate guerillas. The regiment eventually wound up in Memphis near the end of the war. They were mustered out there and as far as I can tell walked home.
His family's history is one that TV movies are made of. His wife Cassie's brother Charlie Nail was enlisted into to the 2nd ARK Cav., Union Army by Junius. Charlie was of American Indian blood. and eventually deserted and enlisted in the Confederate Army for the express purpose of collecting the bounty money paid for enlistments. I was told by a relative in Texas that he was later caught in Benton County with Union Army documents and deemed a spy. He reportedly was later executed as a spy near the end of the war.
Junius' Obit from Springdale News...
The Springdale News
June 30, 1899
Junius H. Farrar died Saturday night at 11 o'clock at his home ten miles Northwest of Springdale. He had been sick for several months and his death was due to a tumor growing in his breast. Funeral services were held at the residence Sunday afternoon at half-past two o'clock and were conducted by Rev. Wm. Sears of Osage. The remains were interred in the cemetery at Elm Springs Sunday afternoon at 5 o'clock, services being conducted by Rev. W.H. Johnson of this place.
Junius H. Farrar was born in Alabama February 12, 1823. At the age of 16 he came to Arkansas locating in Benton County where he made his home until his death. In June 1843 he was united in marriage to Miss Catherine Nail who survives him. To them nine children were born, eight boys and one girl, the latter, who along with seven sons, is now living. W.T. Farrar, the well known business man, of this place, is one of the sons. The deceased was a member of the Christian Church since 1851. By industry and frugality Mr. Farrar accumulated a liberal share of the worlds goods. He was enterprising and progressive and ever ready to render assistance in all worthy movements. He had the esteem and respect of all his neighbors and leaves numerous friends to mourn his death. To the afflicted family The News tenders sympathy.
I am very grateful to the folks Jen & Jade who passed this info off to me. Source is Obituaries of Washington County book, Volume 2, page 215.
I did find one book that clears up some questions about Junius. In "SECOND ARKANSAS UNION CAVALRY. A REGIMENTAL HISTORY OF THE UNIT" the following is found: "Junius H. Farrar. Pvt. at enrollment and Sgt. when mustered out. Enrolled, Springfield, MO, 12 July 1863, born Perry (Co), Alabama, and aged 40. Born 1823." Junius and his sons were listed on page 48 in "Second Arkansas Union Cavalry" printed 1987, by Desmond Walls Allen, Arkansas Research, P. O. BOX 303, CONWAY, AR 72032. You know we questioned where he was born--Alabama or Tennessee. Seems he and his sister, Martha Holmes Covey, were born in Alabama.
Did you know her g-g-grandson (Covey) was an astronaut on one of the shuttle missions?
I have yet to verify all of the below but it is never the less interesting-
Charlie Nail, Junius' half Indian brother-in-law, was enlisted in the 2nd Arkansas by grandpa Junius, (likely for the money bounty paid for enlisting in those days).
Now, more mystery- The Nails, Cassie's brothers, were listed, also Charles Nail, age 35, born Bledsoe Co., TN and enrolled as a private in 2nd Ark Cavalry, 10 Dec. 1863, Fayetteville, AR. He deserted at Cassville, MO 15 Jan 1865, killed in Benton Co., AR. And, Nicholas Nail, age 34, born in Bledsoe Co., TN, Co. L. (All others were Co. F.) enrolled as a private, 10 Dec 1863 Fayetteville, AR.
A story I have heard is that Charles Nail, Cassie's brother, was in both the Confederate and Union Armies--that he was a spy for the Confederacy and joined the Union Army as above--stole Union Army battle plans, deserted, and was on the way back to the Confederate lines when the Union soldiers found him and killed him (probably executed as was the case in those days-without a trial) in Benton County Arkansas near the end of the war. Junius said Charles was a Confederate soldier and was killed, or so the story was passed down.
Catherine Nail Farrar