R.M.S. Crew Casualties Leinster


R.M.S. "Crew Casualties" Leinster

Death 10 Oct 1918
At Sea
Burial Cabra, County Dublin, Ireland
Memorial ID 179166425 View Source

This memorial is several things at the same time. It is a grave for some, and is also in effect, a "virtual cemetery", in essence a sub-group of
Grangegorman Military Cemetery
where the majority of the recovered bodies of the military passengers who died were buried.

When the project to list all known casualties was commenced, it was possible to keep the entire group together on one memorial.
In May 2017, when the total known casualties exceeded 550, the restraints within the size of a memorial page meant that the group had to be split into three.
This page caters for the members of the crew of "The Leinster".

The original page now caters for passengers with surnames A - H
R.M.S. Leinster Casualties A - H
For passengers with surnames I to Z, see
R.M.S. Leinster Casualties I - Z

There is a fourth list,
RMS Leinster Survivors
who died subsequently.

The Royal Mail Ship "Leinster" was owned by the City of Dublin Steam Packet Company. Built by John Laird of Birkenhead in 1897, it was torpedoed in the Irish Sea, 16 miles east of Dublin, shortly before 10am on the morning of Thursday 10th October 1918, on its outbound journey of 100km [68 miles] from Kingstown [now Dun Laoghaire], Dublin, to Holyhead, Anglesey, North Wales.

The following numbers are those noted some years ago, and are now known to be incorrect.
It had 771 persons on board, which included, 77 crew, 695 passengers, of whom there were, 180 civilians, 22 postal sorters, 493 military personnel. Amongst this latter group were military medical staff of doctors and nurses from many of the commonwealth nations.

The Leinster was sunk by torpedoes fired from a German submarine, UB-123, which was commanded by 27 year old Oberleutnant Robert Ramm. The first missed, but two others hit the vessel. The second hit the Mail Room, and the third hit the Engine Room. The ship sank very quickly
4 days later, on 14 October 1918, the SS Dundalk was sunk with the loss of 20 of the 32 onboard.
On 18 October 1918, during its return to Germany, UB-123 hit a mine in the North Sea and sank with the loss of the entire crew of 2 officers and 33 men. Their bodies were never recovered.

Official lists prepared at the time record that 501 persons died when the Leinster sank, but more recent research suggests that the figure is almost 570. Contemporary newspaper and shipping company reports indicate that 256 individuals were rescued, not all of whom survived.
Not all of the bodies were recovered. Of those that were, some were not found immediately, and due to the currents in the Irish Sea they came ashore in Ireland, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Isle of Man, England and Wales.

It is now thought likely that there were at least 567 casualties, broken down as follows,

37 Crew,
3 Staff Members,
2 Naval Gunners,

346 Military Personnel.
139 Civilians.
21 Postal Workers.
15 Nurses/VAD's, possibly assisting wounded soldiers.

563 Total.

R.M.S. Leinster Crew Deaths.
Where a body was recovered, the cemetery in which the remains were buried is noted after their name.
The bodies of all of the others were not recovered, and they are named on the Merchant Shipping monument
Tower Hill Memorial

William Birch, Captain

Robert Anthony, Lamp Trimmer [Holyhead]
William John Brennan, Seaman
Thomas Cody, Fireman/Stoker
John David Crispin, 4th Engineer
Michael Harvey, Fireman/Stoker
James Hickey, Greaser
Owen Richard Hughes, Crew's Cook [Holyhead]
Richard George Hughes, 3rd Engineer
Joseph Dodson Inglis, 2nd Steward
Arthur Henry Jeffries Radio Officer [Deansgrange]
Hugh Jones, Fireman/Stoker
John Jones, Greaser
Owen John Jones, 2nd Steward [Holyhead]
Frank Kehoe, Seaman
Henry Longmore, Seaman
John Loughlin, Able Seaman
William Mathias, Acting Chief Engineer
Edward Salisbury Moors, Engineer's Steward
Bernard Murphy, Fireman/Stoker
Leslie Benjamin Nicklin, 3rd Officer [Smethwick]
Patrick O'Toole, Fireman/Stoker
Hannah Owen, 2nd Stewardess [Holyhead]
Louisa Parry, 2nd Stewardess
Richard Roberts, Fireman/Stoker
William Roberts, Seaman Cook
Hugh Rowlands, Purser
John William Smith, Greaser [Deansgrange]
Robert Thomas, Greaser
Henry Tyrell Quartermaster [Deansgrange]
William Warren, 3rd Steward
Dennis Whelan, Quartermaster
Griffith Williams, Greaser [Holyhead]
John Williams, Fireman/Stoker
Richard Williams, Seaman
Robert John Williams, Carpenter
Thomas Williams, Leading Fireman/Stoker [Holyhead]

37 names. [There were 38 survivors].

3 further employees of the company were onboard at the time, but they were not on duty.
Edwin George Ferber [Liverpool]
William John Lewis
Philip Thomas George Michael [Holyhead]

2 Naval Gunners.
Gunner Fred Hough [Grangegorman]
Leading Seaman George Leatherbarrow [Grangegorman]
Three gunners were provided by the Royal Navy. They, and a 4.5" deck mounted gun, were provided as a defensive measure for Merchant Shipping against attacks by German submarines.
One gunner survived.

Number of identified casualties:
Crew. 37.
Staff 3.
Gunners 2.
Passengers. 522.
Total. 564.

Revised: 1 September 2018


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