Jemima Anne <I>Boone</I> Richardson

Jemima Anne Boone Richardson

Death 9 Sep 1780 (aged 27)
Cumberland Gap, Claiborne County, Tennessee, USA
Burial Unknown
Memorial ID 178762381 · View Source
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Jemima Boone Richardson was the daughter of Israel Boone and Martha Farmar according to family trees online, which appear to be verified by DNA results.

The Boone lineage as given in many family trees:
1. George Boone Sr
+Sarah Uppey
2. George Boone Jr
+Mary Maugridge, d/o John & Mary (Milton) Maugridge
3. Squire Boone Sr. 1696-1765
+Sarah Jane Morgan, d/o Edward & Margaret Morgan
4. Israel Morgan Boone 1726-1756 (brother of Daniel Boone)
+(31 Dec 1747) Martha Farmar 1726-1756 Rowan,NC
5. Jemima Anne Boone 1753-1780
+ Alan/Adam Alexander Richardson 1749-1779

From DNA Circles in 2017, the computer model proves that Jemima Anne Boone was a close relative of Israel Boone and, based on an algorithm of DNA matches to the degree of relationship between the Richardsons, Boones, and Farmars, she most likely was the daughter of Israel and Martha. Similar results at and confirm relationship although it still could be that Jemima Anne Boone was a daughter of another brother or first cousin of Israel Boone.
"Lusby/Ralston Family" (2001) by Jeannie Smith (, last updated 16 Jul 2001, is one of the earliest family trees still online that showed Jemima Anne Boone Richardson as a daughter of Israel Boone, 16 years before the DNA results confirmed relationship.
At FTDNA, descendants of Sarah Richardson Isbell are shown to be cousins of a descendant of Martha Farmar Boone's aunt Rachel Farmar Deweese. At FTDNA, descendants of Sarah Richardson Isbell are shown to be cousins of a descendant of Martha Farmar Boone's aunt Rachel Farmar Deweese. DNA matches at, including FamilyCircles and ThruLines, also align more than 50 descendants of Jemima Ann Boone Richardson and daughter Sarah Richardson Isbell to numerous descendants of the Boones and Farmers.

An historic marker erected by the Boone Society in May 2009 at Israel Boone's grave says, in part: "Israel married in 1747 while in Pennsylvania. The name of his wife and the location of her burial have never been proven. To them were born 4 children, Jesse, Jonathan, Elizabeth and Sarah (Sallie)."

The Boone genealogy by Jim White did not name Israel Boone's wife but was later updated to include the 1747 marriage record which showed Israel Boone's wife was Martha Farmer (Farmar).
Also omitted from the historic marker as well as Jim White's book was any mention of Jemima Anne Boone being a daughter of Israel Boone, despite the online family trees listing her as another child eight years before the marker was erected.

The Boone Family (1922) by Jesse Procter Crump, p. 38, lists no wife nor any children of Israel Boone but references that he was "Testified against in Exeter Meeting for 'Marrying out,' Dec. 31, 1747. It has been said that Israel Boone went to North Carolina and died there early (i); but other evidence indicates that he went to Fayette Co., KY., for it is said that in Deed Book D, p.143, of Fayette Co. Circuit Court, there is record of Israel's deed to his brother Daniel Boone of property, land, etc., of considerable value. This seems to have been made at about the time of Israel's death."
THE BOONE FAMILY (1974) by Eliza & Hazel Spraker, p.38 is identical to Crump, listing no wife or children.
DESCENDANTS OF ISRAEL BOONE (1969) by Alice H. Boone showed only four children for Israel Boone and wife unknown.
MORE DESCENDANTS OF ISRAEL BOONE (1984) by Alice H. Boone updated the first book with newfound descendants but still only the original four children for Israel Boone and still did not know the name of his wife Martha Farmar.
THE BOONE CONNECTION IN THE LOST COUNTIES: A Genealogical History of the Descendants of Israel Boone (1998) by Debra Webb Rogers likewise omits Jemima Ann Boone as a daughter of Israel and traces only the descendants of his two sons, Jesse and Jonathan.

Some family trees claim that Jemima Anne Boone was born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, while others say Rowan County, N.C. No one seems to know for certain.
She married Adam (or Alan) Alexander Richardson 31 OCT 1773, place unverified -- some say in Boonesboro, Kentucky Co., VA.(present day Madison Co., Kentucky), while others say Rowan Co., N.C. According to family trees, Adam/Alan Alexander Richardson died 1779 in Cumberland Gap, Claiborne Co, TN., and Jemima Anne Boone died 9 Sept 1780 there or in Pennsylvania. Most family trees say she died in Tennessee also while one says she died in Bucks Co., Pennsylvania. It may be that her death being reported in Bucks County is the source of that record. Apparently all the known dates associated with her came from a family Bible which probably did not list any locations.

Jemima Anne Boone and Adam/Alan Alexander Richardson had one son, Philip David Richardson born 4 APR 1774 in Cumberland Gap, Claiborne Co., Tennessee, and one daughter Sarah Richardson, born circa 1775, who were orphaned young, about ages 6 and 5. It is unknown if there were other children. The only definite information seems to come from Philip David Richardson's family Bible which gave his birth as Cumberland Gap, Claiborne County.

Sarah Richardson married William Isbell, son of Zachariah Isbell, Jr. whose father had been a Trustee of Bedford County, Virginia, with Col. Richard Callaway in 1753. Col. Callaway went to Boonesborough, Kentucky with the Boones and was the father of Betsy and Fanny Callaway who were kidnapped by the Shawnee along with Daniel Boone's daughter, Jemima (1762-1834). The kidnapping of the girls and their dramatic rescue inspired numerous stories, plays, paintings and engravings, including James Fenimore Cooper's LAST OF THE MOHICANS. John Holder helped rescue the girls and later married Fanny Callaway. His mother was a second cousin of Jemima Boone while his father Luke Holder was a first cousin of Edward Holder, first cousin of Zachariah Isbell, Sr. Col. Richard Callaway's nephew Flanders Callaway was another in the rescue party and afterward married Jemima Boone, who was nine years younger than Jemima Anne Boone Richardson. Col. Richard Callaway later filed charges against Daniel Boone for dereliction of duty and abandoning the settlers of Boonesborough while going away on long hunting and exploration expeditions. This led to Boone's court martial trial, which resulted in his exoneration and promotion.

Several of the Isbell family and their Miller relatives who also went to Kentucky are believed to have been in the same party with the Boones.

Some descendants of Jemima Anne Boone Richardson report that she went with her uncle Daniel Boone to live in Boonesborough, Kentucky, where she married in 1783 Alan/Adam Alexander Richardson, later moving to Claiborne County, Tennessee. These seem to be extrapolations based on the fact that Daniel Boone is known to have taken four of his brother Israel's children.

A study of the Boone family's movements from Pennsylvania to North Carolina and Kentucky might be helpful.

Col. James Martin Isbell (1837-1913) is often cited as an authority on the Boone home site in North Carolina.
Western North Carolina: A History (1730-1913) By John Preston Arthur (1914), p.81: "Col. James M. Isbell's grandfather(sic), Martin, told him that Daniel Boone used to live six miles below James M. Isbell's present home near the bank of the Yadkin river, on a little creek now known as Beaver Creek, one mile from where it flows into the Yadkin river, near Holman's ford. The Boone house was in a little swamp and canebrake surrounding the point of a ridge, with but one approach—that by the ridge. The swamp was in the shape of a horse-shoe, with the point of the ridge projecting into it. The foundations of the chimney are still there, and the cabin itself has not been gone more than 52 years. Alfred Foster, who owned the land, showed Col. Isbell the cabin, which was still there during his boyhood, and he remembered how it looked. His grandmother, the wife of Benjamin Howard, knew Boone well as he often stayed with her father, Benjamin Howard, at the mouth of Elk creek, now Elkville."

Page 82: "COL. JAMES M. ISBELL. According to the statement made by this gentleman in May 1909, Benjamin Howard, his (great)grandfather, owned land near the village of Boone and used to range his stock in the mountains surrounding that picturesque village. He built a cabin of logs in front of what is now the Boys' Dormitory of the Appalachian Training School for the accommodation of himself and his herders whenever he or they should come from his home on the headwaters of the Yadkin, at Elkville. Among the herders was an African slave named Burrell. When Col. Isbell was a boy, say, about 1845, Burrell was still alive, but was said to have been over 100 years old. He told Col. Isbell that he had billoted Daniel Boone across the Blue Ridge to the Howard cabin in the first trip Boone ever took across the mountains."

Page 95: Footnote 5: Statement of James M. Isbell to J.P.A. in May, 1909, at latter's home.
6. It "could still be seen, a few years ago, at the foot of a range of hills some seven and a half miles above Wilkesboro, in Wilkes county." Thwaites' "Daniel Boone," p.78.

Daniel Boone: Master of the Wilderness (1939), by John Bakeless, p. 438, footnote 32.2 gives a footnote citation:
John P. Arthur: "Trail of Daniel Boone," Skyland Magazine, 1:652 (S 1914). "Burrell, the old slave, told the story to Col. James Martin Isbell, of King's Creek, N. C. Col. Isbell's grandmother, Mrs. Jordan Councill, daughter of Burrell's owner, verified the story. She had herself known Daniel Boone."
Mrs. Jordan Councill was the former Sarah Howard, sister of James Martin Isbell's grandmother. So she actually was Col. Isbell's great-aunt.
Col. James M. Isbell's son Rev. Robert Lee Isbell also mentioned the Boones in his book, THE WORLD OF MY CHILDHOOD (1955).

WILKES COUNTY BITS AND PIECES (2010) by Fay Byrd, p. 139: "Daniel Boone lived in the western portion of the county on Beaver Creek near the Yadkin River circa 1766-1775. He settled on the upper Yadkin River. Boone was 34 years old the first winter he spent in Wilkes, …. His wife, Rebecca Bryan, was 29 and they had six children.
During 1769, Boone left Rebecca and their children in Wilkes as he led an expedition to Kentucky. While he was gone, Rebecca bore a third son, Daniel Morgan. When he finally returned, he found the family 'in happy circumstances.' The Boones moved about five miles west where they inhabited two cabins, one on Beaver Creek and one on the north bank of the Yadkin River. Before he left for Kentucky, Rebecca bore him a fourth son, Jesse Bryan. Having sold his farm and what goods he could not carry with him, and 'with a full complement of horses, cows, chickens, and dogs, Boone led an expedition' across the Blue Ridge and into Kentucky where he ultimately settled. Boone's two eldest sons, James and Israel, as well as his brother, Edward, were killed by Indians. Several landmarks in Wilkes bear his name, including Boone Gap, Boone's Falls, and Daniel Boone Spring."

Excerpted from Daniel Boone: The Life and Legend of an American Pioneer by John Mack Faragher (1992):
1750 Boones leave Pennsylvania for the western country; Daniel Boone engages in his first "long hunt."
1751 Family settles on the Yadkin River in Rowan County, North Carolina; Boone takes up hunting as his business.
1755 French and Indian War begins; Boone with Braddock's army during the disastrous defeat near Pittsburgh.
1756 Marries Rebecca Bryan on August 14; they soon settle in Rowan County.
1759 During the Cherokee War, family flees to Culpeper County, Virginia.
1760 Boone first crosses the Blue Ridge during his winter hunt.
1762 The Boones return to Rowan County, N.C.
1765 Boone explores the Florida country with an eye to moving there.
1766 Family moves to a site farther west, near present Wilkesboro, North Carolina.
1767 Reaches Kentucky and hunts along the Big Sandy River.
1768 Regulator rebellion in North Carolina
1769 With five others leaves for a long hunt in Kentucky on May 1; captured by Shawnees on December 22.
1770 In Watauga settlement, TN (Washington Co., N.C./TN) [First Families of Tennessee (2000), vol. 1, by the East Tennessee Historical Society, page 91.]
1771 Boone returns home after two years in Kentucky.
1773 Boone leads party of family and friends to Kentucky, but they are turned back at Cumberland Gap by an Indian attack that kills his eldest son, James, on October 9.
31 OCT 1773: Jemima Anne Boone marries Adam/Alan Alexander Richardson at Boone's Station (Boonesborough) and moves to Claiborne Co., Tennessee by April 4, 1774.
1774 Sent by Virginia authorities to warn Kentucky surveyors of pending war with Shawnees; leads defense of Clinch River settlements during Dunmore's War.
1775 For the Transylvania Company, leads party cutting the Wilderness Road to Kentucky; founds Boonesborough (Boone's Station) in the face of Shawnee attacks; brings family to Kentucky. Ft. Boonesborough is home 1775-1779.
1776 Leads rescue of daughter Jemima and Callaway girls from Shawnees in July; copy of Declaration of Independence reaches Boonesborough in August.
1778 Boone and his men captured by Shawnees while making salt on February 9; he escapes in June; siege of Boonesborough, September 7-18; rejoins Rebecca and children, who had returned to North Carolina.
1779 Leads large party of emigrants to Kentucky in September; settles Boone's Station, north of the Kentucky River (Boone's New Station; now Boone Station, near Athens), the family home 1779-1782.
1780 Participates in attack on Shawnee towns in Ohio; brother Edward killed by Shawnees in October.
1781 Takes elected seat in Virginia assembly in April; captured by invading British forces in June, but soon released.
1782 One of the commanding officers at the Kentuckians' defeat by Indians at the Blue Licks, where son Israel is killed, August 19; in command of a company that attacks Shawnee towns in November.
1783 Relocates family to Limestone, on the Ohio River; takes up tavern keeping, surveying, and land speculating.

31 OCT 1773: Jemima Anne Boone marries Adam/Alan Alexander Richardson (some claim at Boone's Station (Boonesborough)), and moves from Kentucky to Tennessee by April 4 1774 when son Philip David Richardson was born in Cumberland Gap, Claiborne Co., TN. Daughter Sarah Richardson born c1775 in Tennessee.
1784: The Adventures of Col. Daniel Boone by John Filson is published on Daniel Boone's fiftieth birthday.

Daniel and Israel Boone's uncle Benjamin Boone married Ann Farmar/Farmer, first cousin of the father of Martha Farmer Boone according to Boone Family To America vol. II (2009) by Jim White (not the Farmer lineage shown on most internet family trees). They had just one son, John, first cousin of Daniel, who married Rebecca Bryan, aunt of Daniel Boone's wife Rebecca Bryan. DNA indicates a variant pedigree would be possible, perhaps this lineage:

1. George Boone Sr.
+Sarah Uppey
2. George Boone Jr.
+Mary Maugridge
3. Benjamin Boone b1706
+Anna Farmer d.1727
4. John Boone b.1727
+Rebecca Bryan
possibly undocumented parents of:
5. Jemima Ann Boone b1753
+Alan/Adam Alexander Richardson

Farmar/Farmer lineage:
1. Maj. Jasper Farmar
+Mary Gamble
2. John Farmar/Farmer 1664-1724 (bro. of Edward)
+Mary Wyatt
3. Ann Farmer
+Benjamin Boone (Gen. 3 above)

Family Members



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  • Created by: Ray Isbell
  • Added: 25 Apr 2017
  • Find A Grave Memorial 178762381
  • Find A Grave, database and images ( : accessed ), memorial page for Jemima Anne Boone Richardson (23 Aug 1753–9 Sep 1780), Find A Grave Memorial no. 178762381, ; Maintained by Ray Isbell (contributor 47188697) Unknown.