Cardinal Francesco Saverio de Zelada

Cardinal Francesco Saverio de Zelada

Birth
Rome, Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale, Lazio, Italy
Death 19 Dec 1801 (aged 84)
Rome, Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale, Lazio, Italy
Burial Rome, Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale, Lazio, Italy
Memorial ID 177084633 · View Source
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Roman Catholic Cardinal. Born to Spanish parents who served in the Papal Curia and in the diplomatic service of the Holy See, he received his education at the La Sapienza University in Rome, Italy and was awarded doctorate degrees in canon and civil law. In October 1740 he was ordained a priest and in December 1766 became titular Archbishop of Petra in Palestine (present day Israel) and seven years later he became a cardinal priest. In 1773 Pope Clement XIV appointed him the principle negotiator for the Holy See and he authored the papal brief "Dominus ac Redemptor" that was written for the purpose of suppressing the Society of the Jesuits. From 1783 until 1784 he was the Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals and in 1789 he was appointed Cardinal Secretary of State by Pope Pius VI, serving in that position until 1796. When French Emperor Napoleon's army occupied Rome in 1798, he retired to Tuscany. He was a vast collector of books and other art objects, as well as scientific apparatuses and he built an observatory at the Collegio Romano in Rome. He died at the age of 84. Following his death, his books were donated to the Vatican Library and his manuscripts were sent to the capitular library at Toledo, Spain.

Bio by: William Bjornstad


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  • Created by: William Bjornstad
  • Added: 7 Mar 2017
  • Find A Grave Memorial 177084633
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Cardinal Francesco Saverio de Zelada (27 Aug 1717–19 Dec 1801), Find A Grave Memorial no. 177084633, citing Church of San Martino ai Monti, Rome, Città Metropolitana di Roma Capitale, Lazio, Italy ; Maintained by William Bjornstad (contributor 47016546) .