Pvt Edward L. Farmer
Cenotaph

Pvt Edward L. Farmer

Birth
Brandon, Rutland County, Vermont, USA
Death 29 Aug 1864 (aged 23–24)
Andersonville, Sumter County, Georgia, USA
Cenotaph Brandon, Rutland County, Vermont, USA
Memorial ID 17608501 · View Source
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Edward Farmer was a son of Peter & Lydia (Patch) Farmer and grandson of Jeremiah & Hannah (Tarbell) Farmer. He died in the Civil War a Prisoner at Andersonville, Georgia.

ANDERSONVILLE

The Andersonville prison, located at Camp Sumter, was the largest Confederate military prison during the American Civil War. The site of the prison is now Andersonville National Historic Site in Andersonville, Georgia. It includes the site of the Civil War prison, the Andersonville National Cemetery, and the National Prisoner of War Museum. In all, 12,913 Union prisoners died there because of starvation, malnutrition, and disease.

Because of the scarce resources of the Confederacy, Andersonville prison was frequently short of food, and even when this was sufficient in quantity, it was of a poor quality and poorly prepared on account of the lack of cooking utensils. The water supply, deemed ample when the prison was planned, became polluted under the congested conditions. During the summer of 1864, the prisoners suffered greatly from hunger, exposure, and disease, and in seven months about a third of them died from dysentery and were buried in mass graves, the usual procedure there. Many guards of Andersonville also died for the same reasons as the prisoners — however, it is highly debated whether these deaths were the same as the others or if they were from common factors in the American Civil War, such as trench foot.

A Union soldier described his entry into the prison camp:

As we entered the place a spectacle met our eyes that almost froze our blood with horror, and made our hearts fail within us. Before us were forms that had once been active and erect;—stalwart men, now nothing but mere walking skeletons, covered with filth and vermin. Many of our men, in the heat and intensity of their feeling, exclaimed with earnestness. "Can this be hell?" "God protect us!" and all thought that He alone could bring them out alive from so terrible a place. In the center of the whole was a swamp, occupying about three or four acres of the narrowed limits, and a part of this marshy place had been used by the prisoners as a sink, and excrement covered the ground, the scent arising from which was suffocating. The ground allotted to our ninety was near the edge of this plague-spot, and how we were to live through the warm summer weather in the midst of such fearful surroundings, was more than we cared to think of just then.


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Inscription


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Works Cited & Guidance:

Jenks, Margaret R. Brandon Cemetery Inscriptions, Rutland County Vermont / recorded May 1994 by Margaret R. Jenks. Published: [S. l.] - M.R. Jenks, c1994.


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  • Created by: Diana L. Brace
  • Added: 20 Jan 2007
  • Find A Grave Memorial 17608501
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Pvt Edward L. Farmer (1840–29 Aug 1864), Find A Grave Memorial no. 17608501, citing Pine Hill Cemetery, Brandon, Rutland County, Vermont, USA ; Maintained by Diana L. Brace (contributor 46885260) .