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 Mehmed VI

Mehmed VI

Birth
Istanbul, Istanbul, Turkey
Death 16 May 1926 (aged 65)
San Remo, Provincia di Imperia, Liguria, Italy
Burial Damascus, Dimashq, Syria
Memorial ID 175481083 · View Source
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Mehmed VI was the 36th and last Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, reigning from July 4, 1918 to November 1, 1922.
The brother of Mehmed V, he succeeded to the throne as the eldest male member of the House of Osman after the 1916 suicide of Abdülaziz's son Yusuf Izzettin Efendi, the heir to the throne. He was girded with the Sword of Osman on July 4,1918, as the thirty-sixth padishah. His father was Sultan Abdülmecid I and mother was Gülüstü Haným (1830 – 1865), an ethnic Abkhazian, daughter of Prince Tahir Bey Çaçba and his wife Afiþe Lakerba, originally named Fatma Çaçba. Mehmed VI was removed from the throne when the Ottoman sultanate was abolished in 1922.
The First World War was a disaster for the Ottoman Empire. British and allied forces had conquered Baghdad, Damascus, and Jerusalem during the war and most of the Empire was divided among the European allies. At the San Remo conference of April 1920, the French were granted a mandate over Syria and the British were granted one over Palestine and Mesopotamia. On 10 August 1920, Mehmed's representatives signed the Treaty of Sèvres, which recognized the mandates and recognized Hejaz as an independent state.
Turkish nationalists rejected the settlement by the Sultan's four signatories. A new government, the Turkish Grand National Assembly, under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was formed on 23 April 1920, in Ankara, then known as Angora. The new government denounced the rule of Imperial Sultan Mehmed VI and a temporary constitution was drafted.
The Turkish Grand National Assembly abolished the Sultanate on 1 November 1922, and Mehmed was expelled from Istanbul. Leaving aboard the British warship Malaya on 17 November, he went into exile in Malta; Mehmed later lived on the Italian Riviera.
On 19 November 1922, Mehmed's first cousin and heir Abdülmecid Efendi was elected Caliph, becoming the new head of the Imperial House of Osman as Abdülmecid II before the Caliphate was abolished by the Turkish Grand National Assembly in 1924.


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  • Created by: Tati and Eric Anderson
  • Added: 18 Jan 2017
  • Find A Grave Memorial 175481083
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Mehmed VI (14 Jan 1861–16 May 1926), Find A Grave Memorial no. 175481083, citing Tekkiye Complex, Damascus, Dimashq, Syria ; Maintained by Tati and Eric Anderson (contributor 48563756) .