Nobel Prize Laureate Scientist. He shared the 2007 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Mario Capecchi and Martin Evans for their discovery of the technique of homologous recombination of transgenic DNA with genomic DNA, a much more reliable method of altering animal genomes than previously used, and the technique behind gene targeting and knockout mice. He earned his undergraduate and graduate degrees at Oxford University. From 1953 to 1960 he worked as an associate research faculty member in the Connaught Medical Research Laboratory at the University of Toronto in Canada. It was at the research laboratory in Toronto where he developed the technique of gel electrophoresis. In 1960 he went to work at the University of Wisconsin-Madison as a professor of genetics and medical genetics and stayed there until 1988. In 1988 he went to the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill where he continued working until his passing. In 2002 he, along with his wife Dr. Nobuyo Maeda, started studying high blood pressure using genetically altered mice. In 2007 he, along with Mario Capecchi of the University of Utah and Martin Evans of Cardiff University, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their "discoveries of principles for introducing specific gene modifications in mice by the use of embryonic stem cells". Besides the Nobel Prize, he received many awards and honors through the years for his scientific work.
Bio by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye