Ian Douglas Campbell, 11th and 4th Duke of Argyll (18 June 1903 – 7 April 1973) was a Scottish peer. He is chiefly remembered for his unhappy marriage to, and scandalous 1963 divorce from, Margaret Whigham.
s/o Douglas Walter Campbell and his wife Aimee Marie Suzanne Lawrence. He was a great-grandson of George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll. He inherited the dukedom from his first cousin once removed, Niall Diarmid Campbell, 10th Duke of Argyll, in 1949.
Argyll was married four times
While most Dukes and Duchesses of Argyll are buried at Kilmun Parish Church, the 11th Duke and his son, the 12th Duke, both chose to be buried on the island of Inishail in Loch Awe.
No sooner did the 11th Duke of Argyll (1903-1973) take possession of Inveraray Castle from his late cousin than he planned to dredge Tobermory Bay and raise the Spanish galleon which tradition held was sunk there. In 1588, after the defeat of the Spanish Armada, the 'Create Treasure Shippe of Spaine', called the Duque di Florencia, sailed northwards to the friendly Scottish coast, hoping for refuge. Although England and Spain were at war, the Scots were still well disposed towards Spain, which was then the richest country in the world. But Elizabeth's highly efficient secret service discovered the Spaniards' intent, and wrecked the ship on 11th September 1588, by having a spy set fire to the powder room. Spanish propaganda subsequently claimed that it was only a small hired transport, but Elizabeth's informers knew otherwise. The ship was said to contain ¹30 million worth of treasure.
It rested on the silt at the bottom of Tobermory Bay, and has since resisted all attempts to recover it. Charles I gave up trying, and granted salvage rights to the 1st Duke of Argyll, who was thereby permitted to keep whatever booty the wreck might contain, with the sole condition that the royal coffers might receive one per cent of the treasure's value. The present Duke of Argyll still retains this unique right.
On nine occasions between 1661 and 1919 attempts had been made, and small pieces had been brought to the surface - candlesticks, doubloons, swords, compasses. By 1954 the Duke had established that the Tobermory Bay galleon was no legend; it was the only known galleon of the Spanish Armada, and it was still there.
Argyll had not been brought up at Inveraray, being only a cousin of his predecessor. He had been educated in the United States, had fought in World War II, and been taken prisoner. The years from 1940 to 1945 were spent in a P.O.W. camp, an experience which broke his health. He had already married twice when he succeeded to the title. His first wife had been a daughter of Lord Beaverbrook, by whom he had a daughter, Lady Jeanne Louise Campbell, who later married the American writer Norman Mailer for a few months. His second wife, a divorcee called Louise Morris, gave him two sons, one of whom is the present Duke. In 1951 this marriage also ended in divorce, and Argyll married an old friend, Margaret Sweeney (born 1914) in 1951. She devoted herself to the task of restoring Inveraray Castle with a passion for which the local inhabitants are still grateful. It was largely as the result of her work that the little town of Inveraray, a model of town planning, was recognised as worthy of protection as a national monument.
In August 1959 the marriage erupted into a public quarrel which bounced in and out of the courts for the next four years. The Duke was granted his divorce, and married for a fourth time not long afterwards.
In 1969 the Duke went to live in France, where he had spent much of his youth (he was bilingual). He returned to Scotland an ill man in 1973, and died in hospital.
2 - Sir Ian Douglas Campbell, 11th Duke of Argyll was the son of Douglas Walter Campbell and Aimeâe Marie Suzanne Lawrence He was born on 18 June 1903. m1.12 Dec 1927 Hon. Janet Gladys Aitken, daughter of William Maxwell Aitken, 1st Lord Beaverbrook and Gladys Henderson Drury. He and Hon. Janet Gladys Aitken were divorced in 1934. m2.23 Nov 1935 Louise Hollingsworth Morris Clews, daughter of Henry Clews. He and Louise Hollingsworth Morris Clews were divorced in 1951. m3.22 Mar 1951 Margaret Whigham, daughter of George Hay Whigham. He and Margaret Whigham were divorced in 1963 The Duke sued for divorce on the grounds of adultery by his wife, with the divorce a sensational and sordid affair. A pair of photographs were in court showing the Duchess, naked save for three strings of pearls, in a sexual act with a man. m4.15 Jun 1963 Mathilda Coster Mortimer, daughter of Stanley Mortimer. He died on 7 April 1973 at age 69.
He was educated at Milton, Massachusetts, USA and at Oxford University (Christs Church) Oxford, Oxfordshire, England. He attained the rank of Captain in the service of the 8th Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders in WWII and was held as a Prisoner of War (1940-1945).
On 20 August 1949 he succeeded to the title of 7th Baron Sundridge, of Coomb Bank, Kent [G.B. 1766];14th Lord of Kintyre [S. 1626];13th Baronet Campbell, of Lundie [N.S. 1627];8th Baron Hamilton of Hameldon, co. Leicester [G.B. 1776];21st Lord Campbell [S. 1445];11th Marquess of Kintyre and Lorn [S. 1701];11th Earl of Campbell and Cowall [S. 1701];11th Duke of Argyll [S.1701];4th Duke of Argyll [U.K. 1892];20th Earl of Argyll [S. 1457];20th Lord Lorne [S. 1470];11th Viscount of Lochow and Glenyla [S. 1701]; 11th Lord of Inverary, Mull, Morvern and Tirie [S, 1701]. Invested as a Knight, Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem (K.St.J.). Awarded the decoration of the Territorial Decoration (T.D.) in 1953.
Child of Ian Douglas Campbell, 11th Duke of Argyll and Hon. Janet Gladys Aitken
Lady Jeanne Louise Campbell b.10 Dec 1928 d.4 Jun 2007
Children of Ian Douglas Campbell, 11th Duke of Argyll and Louise Hollingsworth Morris Clews
Ian Campbell, 12th Duke of Argyll b.28 Aug 1937 d.21 Apr 2001
Lord Colin Ivar Campbell b.14 May 1946
Child of Ian Douglas Campbell, 11th Duke of Argyll and Mathilda Coster Mortimer
Lady Elspeth Campbell b.29 Apr 1967 d.4 May 1967
b.18 Jun 1903 d.7 Apr 1973
Spouse Janet Gladys Aitken m.12 Dec 1927
Spouse Louise Hollingsworth Morris Clews m.23Nov 1935
Spouse Margaret Whigham m.22 Mar 1951
Spouse Mathilda Coster Mortimer m.15 Jun 1963