Peruvian Military Officer. He is remembered in Peruvian history as appointing himself as the Provision Supreme Chief of Peru for the short period between January 4, 1834 and April 24, 1834. He battled the elected President Luis Jose' de Orbegoso y Moncada for the control of the country, gained control, but was eventually defeated. During this period of history for decades, there were many rebellions and unrest throughout the country with different fractions attempting to gain control of the country, to split the country into two parts, or fighting for independence from Spain. He was well-known for his heroic efforts. After studying at the Conciliar Seminary of Santo Toribio, he served as a second lieutenant in the Battalion of Militias of Tarma, and later advancing to lieutenant, he entered in the Army of Liberator under General Jose de San Martin, the Liberator of Argentina, Chile, and Peru. In 1822 he was promoted to captain and joined with those who supported the election of Colonel Jose de la Riva Aguero as President of the Republic. He joined the Second Intermediate Campaign under the orders of General Andres Santa Cruz. In 1824, he enlisted at the rank of sergeant major in the army of Simon Bolivar and participated in the battles of Junin and Ayacucho. In 1825 he participated in the Alto Peru campaign. After being promoted to colonel, he was entrusted to the General Staff. On June 7, 1829, he was imprisoned along with President Jose de la Mar during a coup led by General Augustin Gamarra and the exiled to Costa Rica for the first time. In 1832, he returned to Peru and was appointed to the office of Minister of War and promoted to Brigadier General. In 1833, he was elected deputy by Pasco to the National Convention. A year later, he proclaimed himself Supreme Chief of Peru over the elected President Luis Jose de Orbegoso Y Moncada but was shortly afterward defeated. He was exiled to Costa Rica for a second time. It was there he married on August 23, 1834 Rosalia Excalante Nava, who was the granddaughter of the Spanish governor Jose Joaquin de Nava and Cabezudo. The couple had five children. After returning to Peru, he distance himself from the military and became involved in the running of his hacienda and mining. Many of his colleagues had been executed Later, he became political as deputy of the province of Tarma in 1845 and officer for the Department of Liberted in 1848. He obtained the rank of General of Division the same year and was appointed officer of Junin. In 1851 he was elected senator of Junin and dying the next year.
Bio by: Linda Davis