Nobel Prize in Chemistry Recipient. Svante Arrhenius received much-acclaim for being the Swedish scientist, who receive the 1903 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, and being the first ever Swede to receive this honor. He is considered by many to be the founder of physical chemistry. Born Svante August Arrhenius, he attended Catholic schools excelling in mathematics and science. Coming from an ancestry of farmers, his uncle became Professor of Botany and Rector of the Agricultural High School and later Secretary of The Swedish Academy of Agriculture. He was given the honorary title of docent at Uppsala University in 1884, awarded a travel stipend to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1886 and then went to Latvia and Germany to study . According to the Nobel Prize Committee, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1903 was awarded to Arrhenius "in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered to the advancement of chemistry by his electrolytic theory of dissociation.” He became the Director of the Nobel Institute in 1905. He took an interest in various fields of chemistry: Physical Chemistry, Cosmic Physics, and Chemistry of Immunology. He gave lectures and wrote articles for an audience of the general public. He published the “Textbook of Theoretical Electrochemistry” in 1900, “Theories of Chemistry” in 1906, and “Theories of Solutions” in 1918. During World War I, he was successful in his efforts to have release and repatriate German and Austrian scientists, who were made prisoners of war. The Arrhenius equation, Arrhenius definition of an acid, lunar crater Arrhenius, the mountain of Arrheniusfjellet and the Arrhenius Labs at Stockholm University are named in his honor. He was elected a Foreign member of the Royal Society of Great Britain in 1911, was awarded the Society’s Davy medal and the Faraday Medal of the Chemical Society in 1914 , and received honorary degrees from the Universities of Birmingham, Cambridge, Edinburgh, Greifswald, Groningen, Heidelberg, Leipzig and Oxford. Lasting only two years and ending with a divorce, his first marriage in 1894 was to his student, Sofia Rudbeck, the first Swedish woman to earn a bachelor’s degree in science from Uppsala University, and they had a son. He remarried in 1905 to Maria Johansson, and were parents to another son and two daughters. His granddaughter is Agnes Wold, a bacterial professor, spokeperson for Swedish Women's Heatlh and Corvid 19 Virus manager in Sweden.
Bio by: s.canning
Maria Elisabet Johansson Arrhenius
1871–1957 (m. 1905)