Nobel Laureate Physicist. He, along with Val Finch, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1980 for their 1964 experiment that proved that certain subatomic reactions do not adhere to fundamental symmetry principles, which led to the discovery of CP violation. He earned his BSc degree from Southern Methodist University in 1951. After graduating from SMU, he went to the University of Chicago, where he earned his PhD in physics in 1955. While at the University of Chicago, he benefited from being taught by stalwarts of the field, including Enrico Fermi, Maria Mayer and Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. He worked as an assistant physicist at the Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) from 1955 to 1958 when he joined the faculty at Princeton University. He met fellow physicist Val Fitch during his time at BNL and it was Fitch who brought him to Princeton. Together they studied the decays of neutral K mesons and in 1964 they made their important discovery, which later earned the duo the Nobel Prize. After the discovery, he spent a year in France at the Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires at Saclay. After returning to Princeton he continued studying the neutral CP violating decay modes of the long-lived neutral K meson. He remained at Princeton until 1971 when he returned to the University of Chicago to become a professor of physics. He was also instrumental, along with fellow physicist Alan Watson, in developing the Pierre Auger Project. Later he was Professor Emeritus at the University of Chicago and a spokesperson emeritus for the Auger project. Among his other awards were the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award (1976) and the National Medal of Science (1999).
Bio by: Mr. Badger Hawkeye