Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov


Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov Famous memorial

Donetska, Ukraine
Death 2 Dec 1969 (aged 88)
Moscow, Moscow Federal City, Russia
Burial Moscow, Moscow Federal City, Russia
Memorial ID 16857982 View Source

Soviet General. He was born in the Ukrainian Republic and joined the Bolshevik Party in 1903. He served in both the First World War and the Russian Civil War as a member of an elite Russian calvary unit. He commanded the 10th Army during the Civil War and was a leading figure in the defense of the present day city of Volgograd against anti-imperial forces. Voroshilov was elected to the Soviet Central Committee in 1921 and as a full member of the Soviet Politburo in 1926. He was appointed people's commissar for military and naval affairs, and chairman of the Revolutionary Military Council of the USSR in 1925, following the suspicious death of Mikhail Frunze. He was a close political ally of Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin and was actively involved in the party purges during the 1930s. From 1934 to 1940 he served as the people's commissar for defense of the USSR. In 1935 he was awarded the title of "Marshal of the Soviet Union." Following the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, he was appointed as a member of the State Defense Committee and placed in charge as commander in chief of both the Northwestern and Leningrad Fronts. He was removed from military command after failing to prevent the German siege of Leningrad. From 1945 to 1947 he served as commander in chief of Soviet forces in Hungary, and as chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1953 to 1960. In 1956 he was briefly involved in an unsuccessful political coup to remove Nikita Khrushchev from power. Voroshilov was a two-time recipient of the Hero of the Soviet Union award, a eight-time recipient of the Order of Lenin, and a six-time recipient of the Red Banner award. He was the father of Russian General Pyotr Voroshilov.

Bio by: Nils M. Solsvik Jr.

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