Soviet General. He was born in the city of Elizavetpol in the Republic of Azerbaijan. He joined the Russian Army in 1915 and served in both the First World War and the Russian Civil War. From 1923 to 1931 he served as the commander of an Armenian Rifle Division and also received advanced training in the Russian Calvary. He attended the Frunze Military Academy from 1931 to 1934 as a student and as a military instructor from 1938 to 1940. He was appointed chief of staff of the Southwest front following the German invasion of the Soviet Union in 1940. He was a leading figure in the defense of the city of Kiev, and as an organizer of a successful counterattack against the German offensive near the city of Rostov. From 1942 to 1943 he was appointed as the commanding officer of the 16th Army and 11th Guards Army. From 1943 to 1945 he served as commander in chief of both the 1st Baltic and 3rd Belarus Fronts where he led his armies to victory over 30 German divisions in the Baltic Sea region. He was awarded the title of "Hero of the Soviet Union" in July 1944 for his military achievements. Following the war he served as the head of the Baltic Military District from 1945 to 1954, inspector of the Ministry of Defense from 1954 to 1955, deputy minister of defense from 1956 to 1958 and commander in chief of the Rear of the Armed forces of the Soviet Union from 1958 to 1968. In 1955 he was awarded the title "Marshal of the Soviet Union." He was a seven time recipient of the "Order of Lenin," a three time recipient of the "Red Banner" and a recipient of two "Gold Stars."
Bio by: Nils M. Solsvik Jr.