Son of Richard Inge, Sr and Mary Sturdivant Inge, brother of Zebulon Montgomery Pike Inge and half brother to Richard Inge, William Marshall Inge, and Francis Inge. He was educated in the schools of Tuscaloosa and Tennessee. He studied law at Erie and practiced in Tennessee. He was made circuit judge in 1838 in Tennessee before removing permanently to Alabama. He was mayor of Tuscaloosa in 1840. He was a Whig, a Mason, and an Episcopalian. He married Agatha Susannah Miller on December 11, 1832 in Tuscaloosa. She was the daughter of William Miller and Nancy Greene Perkins Marr of Tennessee.
Agatha Susannah Marr Inge