Dr Adolf von Baeyer

Dr Adolf von Baeyer

Berlin, Germany
Death 20 Aug 1917 (aged 81)
Starnberg, Landkreis Starnberg, Bavaria (Bayern), Germany
Burial Grosshadern, Stadtkreis München, Bavaria (Bayern), Germany
Plot 13-W-18
Memorial ID 162150602 · View Source
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Nobel Laureate, Chemist, Professor, Lecturer, Bavarian Nobility. Awarded the Nobel Prize(1905) in Chemistry for his work on organic dyes and hydroaromatic compounds, he was widely known as one of the best-known teachers of organic chemistry worldwide. Born Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf Baeyer to parents Johann Jacob Baeyer(1794-1885), a Prussian officer and a well known geodesist, and his wife Eugenie Hitzig(1807–1843); Adolf, with a prodigious aptitude early in childhood, experimented with chemicals and plant nutrition to the extent that within several years he discovered and synthesized a previously unknown double carbonate of copper and sodium. By the age of 13, he was using indigo among his first dye experiments, of which he would revisit later as a doctorate in organic chemistry. He first attended Berlin University followed by the University of Heidelberg studying under Robert Bunsen but due to a falling out, he then was mentored by future Nobel Laureate, August Kekulé. After earning his doctorate, he joined Dr Kekulé at the University of Ghent, later becoming a lecturer at the Royal Trade Academy(1860), and then professor at the Universities of Strasbourg(1871) and Munich(1875). During these times he became best known for the synthesis and description of the plant blue dye indigo(that he later discovered could be produced industrially from coal tar at much less expense) and other phthalein dyes; the discovery of barbituric acid(1864) which was the base for barbiturates; and for the first to obtain synthetic fluorescein, a fluorophore pigment, a precursor for Leo Baekeland's later commercialization of Bakelite. In addition to his work on organic dyes and hydroaromatic compounds leading to the Nobel Prize, his contributions to theoretical chemistry included the 'strain'(Spannung) theory of triple bonds and small carbon rings; also leading to additional awards and memberships to include the Davy Medal(1881), Liebig Medal(1903), Elliott Cresson Medal (1912), fellow of American Academy of Arts and Sciences, member of Order Pour le Mérite for Sciences and Arts, the Prussian Academy of Sciences(1884). Additionally, the annual Adolf von Baeyer Medal was established in his honor as of 1911. Amongst the many of his doctoral students during his career, he mentored the likes of future Nobel Laureate, Emil Fischer. Also notably, Adolph was knighted as Ritter von Baeyer(1885) and in 2009, the von Baeyer lunar crater was named after him. He continued to work actively up to within a year of his death of which, was the result of a seizure at his country home in Starnberger.

Bio by: RCS

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  • Maintained by: Find a Grave
  • Originally Created by: Thomas Haas
  • Added: 4 May 2016
  • Find a Grave Memorial 162150602
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Dr Adolf von Baeyer (31 Oct 1835–20 Aug 1917), Find a Grave Memorial no. 162150602, citing Waldfriedhof München, Grosshadern, Stadtkreis München, Bavaria (Bayern), Germany ; Maintained by Find A Grave .