British philosopher, economist, and historian, somewhat overshadowed today by his philosopher son John Stuart Mill. He was born in Scotland and educated for a clergy career at Edinburgh. In 1802, however, he moved to London to pursue a new career as a writer and editor of periodicals. A few years after his arrival, he met the utilitarian philosopher Jeremy Bentham and became an ardent advocate of Bentham's ideas. In 1817 Mill wrote 'A History of British India', which led to his employment with the East India Company. Others of his works were 'Elements of Political Economy' (1821), 'Analysis of the Phenomena of the Human Mind' (1829), and 'A Fragment on Mackintosh (1835), which combined his utilitarian ideas with the 'associationism' of David Hume, thus providing a theory on the origins of altruism and conscience. Mill's son, John Stuart Mill (named after the clergyman who educated Mill in Scotland) continued his father's work and became one of the most eminent philosophers in British history.
John Stuart Mill