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 Zofia Zamenhof

Zofia Zamenhof

Birth
Warsaw, Mazowieckie, Poland
Death 1942 (aged 52–53)
Treblinka, Mazowieckie, Poland
Burial Treblinka, Mazowieckie, Poland
Memorial ID 159641988 · View Source
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Zofia was the 2nd child born to Ludovik and Klara Zamenhof. She helped her father spread the universal language of Esperanto around Europe. Zofia and her brother Adam both became doctors and were licensed to practice medicine in the Russian Empire. At the beginning of WWI Zofia went to spend a few months working with her uncle, Dr Zilbernik, in Lebedin, a town in the administrative district of Kharkov, in the Ukraine.

Zofia knew Esperanto fluently, but once she became a doctor, she was too busy with her medical practice to continue on with Esperanto teaching and correspondence.

When WWII broke out, Zofia and her family were arrested as the Nazis considered the Esperanto Movement a threat to the Reich. After a few months in Pawiak Prison, Zofia and her sister, Lidia, were released and went to live in the Warsaw Ghetto with relatives. Conditions in the Ghetto were very severe, with food shortages, disease and despair; the outside world was closed off to them.

Finally in July 1943, the dreaded order came to Warsaw. All the Jews of the Warsaw Ghetto were to be deported 'to the east'. Their destination was a camp called Treblinka. Zofia went deliberately on one of those grim trains, convinced that she could give much needed medical care to the deported people. When the trains arrived at the camp, the people were brutally driven from the cars. Men and women were separated and sent to the undressing barracks. They were ordered to strip, even of artificial limbs and eye glasses, and told to turn in valuables at the window. Women and girls had their heads shaved ; their hair was shipped to a factory in Germany to be used in upholstery. They were taken to the public bath, which did now have regular shower heads, but instead deadly gas came out. This is where Zofia died, in Treblinka, along with her sister Lidia.


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  • Created by: Maysan
  • Added: 17 Mar 2016
  • Find A Grave Memorial 159641988
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Zofia Zamenhof (1889–1942), Find A Grave Memorial no. 159641988, citing Treblinka Holocaust Memorial, Treblinka, Mazowieckie, Poland ; Maintained by Maysan (contributor 48409851) .