Pvt Enoch John Rainey

Pvt Enoch John Rainey

Georgia, USA
Death 24 May 1864 (aged 34)
Burial Covington, Newton County, Georgia, USA
Plot Row 4 Number 16
Memorial ID 15884909 · View Source
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Enoch enlisted in the Confederate States Army on 16 March 1864 in Macon, Georgia. He was mustered as a Private in Company A, 4th Battalion Georgia Sharp Shooters. He is shown "absent sick" on the September & October 1864 muster roll.

1850 United States Federal Census
Name: Enoch Raney [Enoch Rainey]
Age: 21
Birth Year: abt 1829
Birthplace: Georgia
Home in 1850: Militia District 519, Bibb, Georgia
Gender: Male
Family Number: 41
Household Members - Name/Age:
Wm Raney 50
Theodocia Raney 47
Ruha Raney 23
Enoch Raney 21
John Raney 19
Hella Raney 13
Charles Raney 11
Polly Raney 8
T Raney 5
Thomas Raney 2

(special thanks to Nancy & Russell Jones #47257052 for birth date. Death date in question due to CMSR - the following info submitted in support) Enoch is my 2nd Great grandfather. I submitted his date of death, May 24, 1863 that was declined due to his CMSR. The source for this date is the Rainey family Bible. There is a transcription of the Bible in a file at the Washington Memorial Library Genealogy room, Macon, GA. The transcription was accomplished be local family historian Bobby Stokes. The transcription also include the date of death for Charles W Rainey who died in Richmond VA, general hospital #16, along with other family births, deaths, and marriages.

There are errors in contributor bios attached to memorial below. Enoch was married first to Ruthy Ann Margaret Woodson, March 16, 1851, listed in Bibb county Marriage book B, p. 249. It is believed that Ruthy died in childbirth. The date of birth for Enoch's son Enoch is listed as about 1863. His birth is May 11 1867, several years after the death of Enoch Sr. The source for this info is the 1870 census, list John E(Enoch) F Rainey as 3 years old making birth 1867, https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/MCSN-JX3. Also the 1880 census list J E F Rainey as 12 years old and as Grandson, https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/M8LH-PZB. The last is info from his heasdstone that shows birth as 1867, http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=63791970.

(special thanks to Gene Wade, a member of SCV Camp 863, Maj Gen Joseph Wheeler, egwade@comcast.net for full name and the following info)

The first of two existing service records for this soldier shows that he enlisted or reenlisted as a private in Company A of the 4th Battalion, Georgia Sharpshooters on March 16, 1864 at Macon, Georgia. Since he enlisted at about age 35, he was possibly already a member of the 4th Battalion or another unit.

The 4th Battalion, Georgia Sharpshooters consisted of four companies and was organized during the Spring of 1863 from parts of the 3rd Georgia Infantry Battalion and the 37th Georgia Infantry Regiment.

The 4th fought at Tullahoma (July 1863), Chicamaugua (Sept 1863), Missionary Ridge (Oct 1863) and Chattanooga in (Nov-Dec 1863). After March 1864, when Private Rainey enlisted or reenlisted, the 4th fought in the Atlanta campaign to include Resaca (May 1864), New Hope Church (May 1864), Dallas (May 1864), Peachtree Creek (July 1864), Ezra Church (July 1864), Atlanta Seige (July-Aug 1864), Jonesboro (Aug-Sept 1864) and then Franklin Nov 1864) and then the Carolinas until the final surrender in 1865. The 4th Battalion, Georgia Sharpshooters was a combat-experienced unit.

We do not know exactly when Private Rainey died although one researcher says May, 24, 1864. We know that his second and final record of Sept/Oct 1864 states only that he is "absent sick". No other record beyond the March/April 1864 record showing his enlistment on March 16, 1864 and his muster roll of Sept/Oct 1864 showing him to be absent and sick could be found. It is assumed that Private Rainey likely died during the heaviest influx of Confederate patients into Covington, Georgia during the period of June-August 1864. Few records of the 4th Battalion Georgia Sharpshooters survived the war.

Although there are few researchers of this arm of the Rainey family, it appears that our Enoch John Rainey was the son of William Charlie Rainey (1802-1868) and Theodosia Nash Rainey (1803-1887). Enoch Rainey's siblings were Elizabeth Rainey (1825-?), Reuben Rainey (1827-1898), John B. D. Rainey (1831-1912), Hester Rainey (1837-1908), Charles W. Rainey (1839-1863), Mary B. "Polly" Rainey (1841-1907), Theodosia A Rainey (1844-1910) and Thomas Abytha Rainey (1846-1932). Rainey Family genealogists are not always in agreement on these birth/death dates but they seem to agree on parentage.

Enoch John Rainey was married on December 1860 to Lucy Ann Kimbrew (1845-1924). Enoch and Lucy Ann had two children, a daughter named Narcissa Hester Rainey born in 1862 and a son Enoch J. Rainey born about 1863. After our Private Enoch Rainey died in the War Between The States, the widow Lucy Ann married George Washington Hodge (1846-1897) and had five more children by him. Her new husband George Washington Hodge had served in Company D, 10th Battalion Georgia Infantry and was surrendered at Appomattox.

Enoch John Rainey's brothers Reuben Rainey and Charles Rainey both served in Company D, 10th Battalion Georgia Infantry. Reuben survived the war but brother Charles died of Chronic Bronchitis at Richmond, Virginia hospital #16. Brother Thomas Abaytha Rainey served in the 2nd Regiment, Georgia Reserves and survived the war. Brother John B. D. Rainey is believed to have served but his unit is not known and he also survived the war. Two of the four brothers died in this war. This family gave much to the Confederacy.


Headstone at Covington shows:


Gravesite Details Death Date came from family bible which conflicts with Compiled Military Service Record.




  • Maintained by: Cousins by the Dozens
  • Originally Created by: Bud
  • Added: 25 Sep 2006
  • Find A Grave Memorial 15884909
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Pvt Enoch John Rainey (1 Jun 1829–24 May 1864), Find A Grave Memorial no. 15884909, citing Covington Confederate Cemetery, Covington, Newton County, Georgia, USA ; Maintained by Cousins by the Dozens (contributor 46904925) .