Author. He was known for his books of Marxist philosophy and literary criticism. Lukacs studied in Budapest, Berlin and Heidelberg, and published his first book, "Soul and Form", in 1910. This was followed by "The Theory of the Novel" (1916). In 1918 Lukacs joined the Hungarian Communist Party and supported the Soviet Republic established by Bela Kun in 1919. After the overthrow of the Soviet Republic Lukacs was forced into exile and lived in Vienna for ten years. In 1923 he published "History and Class Consciousness". From 1930 to 1944 he lived in the Soviet Union, after which he returned to Hungary. Lukacs was highly critical of the government of Matyas Rakosi and became a supporter of the reformers led by Laszlo Rajk. In 1956 He was appointed as Minister of Culture. However, following the fall of the 1956 revolution Lukacs was deported to Romania but was allowed to return to Budapest in 1957. In his late years he was a professor of several universities and was noted as an ordinary member of the Academy of Sciences (Hungary).
Bio by: T.R. Dr.