Philosopher. The father of Phenomenology, he is considered one of the finest philosophic mind of the 20th Century. Husserl was born into a Jewish family in Prostìjov (Prossnitz), Moravia, Czech Republic (then part of the Austrian Empire). A pupil of Franz Brentano and Carl Stumpf, Husserl came to influence, among others, Eugen Fink, Martin Heidegger, Jean-Paul Sartre, and Maurice Merleau-Ponty; in addition, Hermann Weyl's interest in intuitionistic logic and impredicativity appear to have resulted from contacts with Husserl. Rudolf Carnap was also influenced by Husserl, not only concerning Husserl's notion of essential insight that Carnap used in his Der Raum, but also his notion of "formation rules" and "transformation rules" is founded on Husserl's philosophy of logic. Husserl's work in Phenomenology went on to help create main new fields of philosophy: semiotics, hermeneutics, and structuralism, among others.
Bio by: Paul Vogt