Nikolaus Lenau

Nikolaus Lenau

Birth
Death 22 Aug 1850 (aged 48)
Burial Weidling, Sankt Pölten-Land Bezirk, Lower Austria (Niederösterreich), Austria
Memorial ID 15500808 · View Source
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Lenau, Nikolaus (real name: N. Franz Niembsch Edler von Strehlenau), b. Csatád, Romania (then Lenauheim), Aug. 13, 1802, d. Vienna, Aug. 22, 1850, poet, wrote epic verse. From 1819 studied law, medicine, philosophy and agriculture in Vienna. His friends included Franz Grillparzer, Ferdinand Raimund, A. Grün, being a good violinist also acquainted with Johann Strauß the Elder and with Josef Lanner. 1831 went to Heidelberg, then Stuttgart, where his first volume "Gedichte" (1832) was published, including the Schilflieder ballads. 1832 went to the United States but came back after only one year deeply disappointed and lived alternately in Swabia (Germany) and in Austria. He spent the last 6 years of his life in a psychiatric ward. L.'s work is characterized by melancholy and weltschmerz; like Lord Byron, he led a restless life and several engagements were broken off. His drama "Faust" (1835) shows autobiographical features and is an epic sequence in which the hero finally commits suicide. In his later epic poetry "Savonarola" (1837), "Johannes Žižka" (1838/42) and "Die Albigenser" (1842) turned to historical-revolutionary topics. His dramatic poem "Don Juan" (1844) remained unfinished. New type of expressive language in his nature poems; important political poems. "Faust" and "Don Juan" inspired Franz Liszt, H. Berlioz und Richard Strauss. His journey to America inspired F. Kürnberger to write his novel "Der Amerika-Müde". 1964 the Ministry for Education established an International N. Lenau Prize (since 1965 the Austrian State Prize for European Literature).


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  • Created by: Wolfgang Ilgner
  • Added: 25 Aug 2006
  • Find A Grave Memorial 15500808
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Nikolaus Lenau (13 Aug 1802–22 Aug 1850), Find A Grave Memorial no. 15500808, citing Klosterneuburg-Weidling, Weidling, Sankt Pölten-Land Bezirk, Lower Austria (Niederösterreich), Austria ; Maintained by Wolfgang Ilgner (contributor 711) .