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 Catherine II the Great

Catherine II the Great

Birth
Szczecin, Zachodniopomorskie, Poland
Death 17 Nov 1796 (aged 67)
Saint Petersburg, Saint Petersburg Federal City, Russia
Burial Saint Petersburg, Saint Petersburg Federal City, Russia
Memorial ID 1505 · View Source
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Russian Monarch. Known as "Catherine the Great of Russia", she was born Princess Sophia Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst. She was brought to Russia in 1744 at the behest of ruling Czarina Elizabeth I to marry Elizabeth's nephew Peter. She changed her name to Catherine when she converted to the Orthodox Church prior to the wedding. After bearing one son, Paul, the marriage turned bad, and she became isolated from Peter's court. When Elizabeth died, Peter became Czar Peter III in January 1762. A poor monarch, he alienated the Nobility and Army and was overthrown in June 1762. Approached by the nobility to become ruling Czarina, Catherine accepted, becomeing Czarina Cathrine II. Peter was murdered shortly afterward, most likely at the orders of Catherine's lover, Grigory Orlov. She proved to be an enlightened ruler and made sweeping, modernizing changes in the government, education system, and health system. She had several lovers during her reign, and her enemies spread untrue rumors of many different kinds of perversion about her. She is credited with bringing Russia from the mind set of the Middle Ages to the modern world of the 18th century. When she died of a stroke in 1796, she would be the last ruling Czarina. She was succeeded by her son Paul.


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  • Maintained by: Find A Grave
  • Added: 1 Jan 2001
  • Find A Grave Memorial 1505
  • Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed ), memorial page for Catherine II the Great (2 May 1729–17 Nov 1796), Find A Grave Memorial no. 1505, citing St. Peter and Paul Fortress, Saint Petersburg, Saint Petersburg Federal City, Russia ; Maintained by Find A Grave .