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Rev Abel Brown

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Rev Abel Brown

Birth
Springfield, Hampden County, Massachusetts, USA
Death 8 Nov 1844 (aged 33)
Canandaigua, Ontario County, New York, USA
Burial Canandaigua, Ontario County, New York, USA
Memorial ID 147786556 View Source
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Son of Abel & Joanna (Lyman) Brown.
Husband of Mary Ann Brigham (m. December 4, 1835) and Catherine Swan (m. May 15, 1843) who married Charles Spear after Abel's death.

History of the town of Hubbardston:
Rev. Abel Brown m. Catherine Swan, May 15, 1843; d. Canandaigua, N. Y., Nov. 8, 1844.
1. Abel Swan [Brown], b. July 3, 1845 ; rem. Brooklyn, N. Y.

History of Passaic and Its Environs ...: Historical-biographical, Volume 2:

Rev. Abel (2) Brown, son of Abel (1) and Joanna (Lyman) Brown, was born in Springfield, Massachusetts, November 9, 1810. During his youth he was a clerk in a store, but at the age of twenty-one he began to study for the ministry in the Literary and Theological Seminary at Hamilton, New York. In 1832 he preached in Springfield nine times, and in various other places. Soon afterward he engaged in mission work in Western New York, and as licentiate preacher he visited Oswego in the summer and fall of 1835. He became very active in temperance and anti-slavery work, and was "mobbed, cowskinned, knocked beside the head and assaulted five or six times during the year." At Auburn he barely escaped with his life. He was ordained November 16, 1837, at Northeast, Pennsylvania, and accepted a call to Beaver, Pennsylvania, the following year. He was active at this time in the underground railroad, assisting escaped slaves on their way to Canada. In April, 1839, he was appointed agent of the Western Education Society; in July, 1839, he accepted a commission from the Massachusetts Abolition Society, and subsequently he was settled as pastor of the Baptist church in Northampton, Massachusetts. In 1842 he became associated in the publication of the "Tocsin of Liberty," with E. F. Goodwin, at Albany, New York. He was active in the organization and work of the New York Anti-Slavery Society, and was prosecuted by pro-slavery men for the alleged libel of Henry Clay, Thurlow Weed, and other public men, but the indictments were finally "nolle pressed." Often he had to leave home on account of threats, and in 1842 he was again mobbed at Auburn.

He died November 8, 1844, in Canandaigua, New York, where his epitaph reads:

Abel Brown, a faithful minister of Him who proclaimed Liberty to the captive. A Hero, in the fearless advocacy of truth, and in vindication of the oppressed. A Martyr in his devotion and self-sacrifice to the calls of bleeding humanity. His memory lies embalmed in the hearts of many a fugitive, and on the leaves of Immortality his deeds are inscribed. Rev. Abel Brown was born at Springfield. Mass., November 9, 1810, died November 8, 1844, at Canandaigua, N. Y. The Free Church of Canandaigua and other friends of the slave erect this monument as a record of his resting place and a tribute to his worth.

He married (first), December 4, 1835, Mary Ann Brigham, who was his able assistant before and after their marriage. At the time of her death, in 1842, at the age of thirty-seven years, she was editor of the "Golden Rule," published in Albany. He married (second), May 15, 1843, Catherine Swan (see Swan VI). She was then agent of the Eastern New York Anti-Slavery Society and assisted her husband at his meetings, singing and speaking. They visited Michigan, later returning to Massachusetts. She married (second), in 1855, Charles Spear, a Universalist minister of Boston, noted for his work in prison reform. He died at Washington, D. C., in 1865.
Issue by first wife: 1. Walter, born in 1840. 2. Charles, born July 3, 1842, died in 1889. Issue by second wife: 3. Abel Swan, of whom further.

The Sabbath Recorder, New York, Nov. 28, 1844:

REV. ABEL BROWN, who has been for some time past the editor of an anti-slavery paper in Albany; and the General Agent of the Eastern New York Anti-slavery Society, died at Canandaigua on the 8th instant. The disease which led to his sudden death was a brain fever, brought on, it is said, by his unremitting and indefatigable labors.

New York Herald, Nov. 14, 1844:
Rev. Abel Brown, one of the publishers of the Albany Patriot, died at Canandaigua, Ontario co., on Friday, the 8th instant, at the house of John Mosher, Esq.

from Fredonia Academy research:
BRIGHAM, MARY ANN (BROWN)
? - 1842 Academy: 1830
See Abel Brown, Jr.

BROWN, ABEL, JR. Itinerant Preacher
1810 - 1844 Academy: 1830, 1833

Source: Jack Ericson. Reed Library's Local History Collection includes Brown's second wife's memoir of his life.
Abel Brown, Jr. was born in Springfield, Mass. in 1810, the son of Abel and Joanna Lyman Brown. In 1821, the family moved to Madison County, N.Y. and eventually the Hanover area of Chautauqua County. Both Abel and his sister Cynthia, later a missionary to Native Americans, attended the Academy. In 1831, Abel entered the Theological Seminary at Hamilton College, desiring to be a Baptist preacher. Abel found employment with the American Sunday School Union in the mid-1830s and he returned to Chautauqua County in February, 1836 to work for the establishment of Sunday Schools, locating in Westfield that summer. At that time, the Sunday School movement received a great deal of opposition and Rev. Brown also preached against the manufacturers and sellers of liquor, gambling, and general public vice. Rev. Brown was physically attacked (horse whipped) on November 9 by a Dr. Carlton Jones who claimed that Rev. Brown slandered him from the pulpit. By 1838, he was also involved in the anti-slavery movement.
In 1835, Abel married Mary Ann Brigham and they had two children before her death in 1842 [in Beaver, Pa.?]. He returned to New York State and married his second wife, Catherine, in 1843. He died unexpectedly on November 8, 1844 at Canandaigua, N.Y. leaving his widow an unborn son.


Inscription

Abel Brown, a faithful minister of Him who proclaimed Liberty to the captive. A Hero, in the fearless advocacy of truth, and in vindication of the oppressed. A Martyr in his devotion and self-sacrifice to the calls of bleeding humanity. His memory lies embalmed in the hearts of many a fugitive, and on the leaves of Immortality his deeds are inscribed. Rev. Abel Brown was born at Springfield. Mass., November 9, 1810, died November 8, 1844, at Canandaigua, N. Y. The Free Church of Canandaigua and other friends of the slave erect this monument as a record of his resting place and a tribute to his worth.

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  • Created by: Cheri Branca
  • Added: 12 Jun 2015
  • Find a Grave Memorial 147786556
  • Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/147786556/abel-brown : accessed ), memorial page for Rev Abel Brown (9 Nov 1810–8 Nov 1844), Find a Grave Memorial ID 147786556, citing West Avenue Cemetery, Canandaigua, Ontario County, New York, USA ; Maintained by Cheri Branca (contributor 47128185) .